UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C.  20549

FORM 10-K

         ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED JANUARY 29, 2022
OR
        TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM ………… TO …………

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 0-14818

KASPIEN HOLDINGS INC.
 (Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

New York
 
14-1541629
State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization
 
I.R.S. Employer Identification No.

2818 N. Sullivan Rd. Ste 30
Spokane, WA 99216
 
12203
Address of Principal Executive Offices
 
Zip Code

(855) 300-2710
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code

Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year, if Changed Since Last Report

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $.01 par value per share
KSPN
NASDAQ Stock Market

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes  ☐   No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes  ☐   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☒ No ☐



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes ☒   No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer ☐
Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
 
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes      No ☒

As of August 1, 2021, the last business day of the Company’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, 2,492,568 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock were issued and outstanding.  The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant, based upon the closing sale price of the registrant’s Common Stock on August 1, 2021, was $23.7 million. As of April 15, 2022, there were 2,492,568 shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding.

APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PRECEDING FIVE YEARS:

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Section 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.      Yes ☐    No ☐

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE:

The information required by Part III of this annual report on Form 10-K, to the extent not set forth herein, is incorporated herein by reference from the registrant’s definitive proxy statement relating to the annual meeting of shareholders to be held in 2022, which definitive proxy statement shall be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year to which this Annual Report on Form 10-K relates. Except as expressly incorporated by reference, the registrant’s proxy statement shall not be deemed to be part of this report.


PART I

Cautionary Statement for Purposes of the “Safe Harbor” Provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995

This document includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements relate to analyses and other information that are based on forecasts of future results and estimates of amounts not yet determinable. These statements also relate to the Kaspien Holdings Inc.’s (“the Company’s”) future prospects, developments and business strategies. The statements contained in this document that are not statements of historical fact may include forward-looking statements that involve a number of risks and uncertainties.

We have used the words “anticipate”, “believe”, “could”, “estimate”, “expect”, “intend”, “may”, “plan”, “predict”, “project”, and similar terms and phrases, including references to assumptions, in this document to identify forward-looking statements.  These forward-looking statements are made based on management’s expectations and beliefs concerning future events and are subject to uncertainties and factors relating to our operations and business environment, all of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond the Company’s control, that could cause actual results to differ materially from those matters expressed in or implied by these forward-looking statements. The following factors are among those that may cause actual results to differ materially from the Company’s forward-looking statements.

    continued operating losses;
   impact of the novel coronavirus identified as “COVID-19” on our business and operating results;
   the ability of the Company to satisfy its liabilities and to continue as a going concern;
    maintaining Kaspien’s relationship with Amazon;
    continued revenue declines;
•    decline in the Company’s stock price;
    the limited public float and trading volume for our Common Stock;
   new product introductions;
   advancements in technology;
    dependence on key employees, the ability to hire new employees and pay competitive wages;
     the Company’s level of debt and related restrictions and limitations;
     future cash flows;
     vendor terms;
     interest rate fluctuations;
    access to third party digital marketplaces;
     adverse publicity;
     product liability claims;
     changes in laws and regulations;
     breach of data security;
    increase in Amazon Marketplace fulfillment and storage fees;
    limitation on our acquisition and growth strategy as a result of our inability to raise necessary funding;
   the other matters set forth under Item 1A “Risk Factors,” Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”, and other sections of this Annual Report on Form 10-K

The reader should keep in mind that any forward-looking statement made by us in this document, or elsewhere, pertains only as of the date on which we make it. New risks and uncertainties come up from time-to-time and it is impossible for us to predict these events or how they may affect us. Considering these risks and uncertainties, you should keep in mind that any forward-looking statements made in this report or elsewhere might not occur.

In addition, the preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) requires us to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions affect:

the reported amounts and timing of revenue and expenses,
the reported amounts and classification of assets and liabilities, and
the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities.

Actual results may vary from our estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions are based on historical results, assumptions that we make, as well as assumptions by third parties.

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Item 1.
BUSINESS

Company Background

Kaspien Holdings Inc. (f/k/a Trans World Entertainment Corporation) (“Kaspien”), which, together with its consolidated subsidiaries, is referred to herein as the “Company”, “we”, “us” and “our”, was incorporated in New York in 1972.  We own 100% of the outstanding Common Stock of Kaspien Inc. See below for additional information.
 
Kaspien provides a platform of software and services to empower brands to grow their online distribution channels on digital marketplaces such as Amazon, Walmart and Target, among others. The Company helps brands achieve their online retail goals through its innovative and proprietary technology, tailored strategies and mutually beneficial partnerships.
 
We are guided by 5 core principles:

We are partner obsessed. Our customers are our partners. Every decision is focused on building mutually beneficial relationships that deliver results.

We are insights driven. We make data actionable. Our curiosity drives us to discover opportunities early and often.

We create simplicity. We challenge the status quo. We take the complicated and simplify it.

We take ownership. We make things happen. We hold ourselves accountable and have a bias for action.

We empower each other. We welcome and learn from diverse experiences. Our empathy ignites innovation and empowers meaningful change.

Business Overview
Kaspien’s mission is to accelerate partner brand growth on today’s leading online marketplaces. Our vision is to become a global leader in the brand accelerator industry by improving partner efficiency and profitability. Our marketplace as a service (“MaaS”) approach consists of delivering technology-enabled services to our partners, including software and associated support services. Our primary focus marketplaces are Amazon US, Amazon CA, Amazon DE and Amazon EU (including UK), with additional service and support available for Target+ and Walmart marketplaces.
 
Kaspien leverages its 13 years of ecommerce and online brand management experience to provide tech-enabled, partner-specific recommendations—resulting in a clear plan of action, pricing, and timeline. Our team of ecommerce experts use internal and external software to deliver insights and results in the areas of listing creation, content optimization, paid advertising, campaign management and supply chain / logistical support.
 
Our MaaS business delivers blended contribution margin across retail and agency models. This marketplace growth platform allows for a diversified go-to-market approach, enabling economies of scale for multiple operations.
 

Retail business model: We buy inventory and use our expertise, technology, and services to generate revenue through marketplace transactions. Kaspien provides account management, brand communications, listings management, data reporting, joint business planning and comprehensive marketing support services. Our target partners are enterprise-level and other large growth brands, and derive margin based on pricing.


Agency business model: We use our expertise, technology, and services to manage our partners’ marketplace presence through channel management with no inventory position. Kaspien provides account management, media planning, media analytics, search strategy, business planning and data reporting support services. Our target partners in this space range from small, first-to-market brands to full-scale, enterprise brands. We derive margin based on a percentage of ad spend, commissions, and/or specific service fees.

Kaspien provides all the software and services required to drive brand growth and achieve a brand’s goals on Amazon, Walmart, and Target through multiple business models—namely, Retail and Agency services. We are a technology enabled services company built for marketplace growth. A high-level visualization of our business model is shown in Figure 1 below.

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graphic

Partners
Kaspien views all brand customers of our platform as partners. Our partners include brands, suppliers, distributors, liquidators, and affiliates such as venture capital firms and marketing agencies, as well as other industry brand aggregators. Our market sectors include but are not limited to: Pets & Sporting Goods, Baby, Tools/Office/Outdoors, and Health & Personal Care. In fiscal 2021, these top categories made approximately 70% of our total revenue. To accelerate the growth of our businesses, we have defined an operating model by segmenting our businesses into a portfolio of brands by category, which is run by a single-threaded leader or Partner Success Manager. Each Partner Success Manager is supported by a cross functional team, collectively called a “business POD”.  We organize our operations by category, developing a deep understanding and subject matter expertise in these areas, powering our platform to drive better results across these category focal points.

The Company uses its proprietary data platform to identify brands that would be good strategic fits for its services. We utilize content marketing to strengthen its visibility within the industry. The Company’s public relations efforts consist of press releases, articles in industry publications, and articles on its website to build its brand. In addition, we regularly publish eBooks, blog posts, case studies and webinars. Kaspien also runs advertisements on popular ad platforms such as Google, Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn to bring leads into its sales funnels.

Partnership Models
The Kaspien platform can be leveraged and engaged via three primary and distinct business models.

Retail-as-a-Service (“RaaS”): We own inventory. We sell it.
In this model, Kaspien buys inventory and sells it on marketplaces such as Amazon, Walmart, and Target as a third-party seller. Additionally, Kaspien supports private label and dropship integrations with various suppliers and distributors, as well as incubates its own brands. At the end of fiscal 2021, Kaspien had a total of four (4) incubated brands – Jumpoff Jo, Brilliant Bee, Big Betty, and Domestic Corner.

Agency-as-a-Service (“AaaS”): Partner owns inventory. We sell it.
In this model, Kaspien serves as an extension of a partner’s e-commerce team, providing full service in the areas of inventory management, marketing management, creative, brand control, compliance and other marketplace growth services. Kaspien charges a subscription fee and receives a percentage of the revenue generated.

Managed Service (“MS”): Partner owns inventory and sells it.
In this model, Kaspien provides select AaaS services to its partner, such as FBA cost recovery or Amazon advertising management. Kaspien charges retainer and/or receives a percentage of the transaction.

The “Agency as a Service” and “Managed Service” models are collectively called “Subscriptions.” The software products and tech-enabled services that form subscriptions are as follows:

Ad management

Brand protection and seller tracking

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Cost recovery and case management

Dropship automation

Inventory management & supply chain

Creative services

As of January 29, 2022, we had 925 total accounts across our portfolio of external brand partners, including over 600 active retail partners and 28 subscriptions partners.

Technology and Integrations

The Company’s marketplace platform is a one stop shop, insights driven platform built on top of more than a decade of marketplace selling data. The platform includes a variety of artificial intelligence powered analysis solutions spanning across brand protection services, logistics and supply chain optimization, automated pricing, advertising marketing management, creative and content services, tax and compliance services, among others. This is all accessible through the Kaspien platform and can be leveraged through a managed service.

The platform uses an insight driven approach to digital marketplace retailing using both proprietary and licensed software. Using data collected from marketplaces, optimal inventory thresholds and purchasing trends are calculated within its advanced inventory management software developed in-house. Kaspien also leverages a combination of proprietary and licensed software related to pricing, advertisement management, marketplace seller tracking and channel auditing.

Additionally, the Kaspien platform can be extended to our business and service providers that are synergistic to Kaspien. This enables a network of partner integrations that can be extended and expanded upon. The Kaspien platform has formed strategic relationships and partnerships with these other listed marketplace service providers, including Deliverr and MyFBAPrep in the logistics and fulfillment space, TaxCloud, a tax services provider, VantageBP, a brand protection agency, Levin Consulting, an electronics specialty retailer, and others.

Business Environment
Digital marketplaces allow consumers to shop from a variety of merchants in one place and have become an integral part of many brand manufacturers’ businesses.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, total U.S. e-commerce sales in 2021 were $870.8 billion, up +14.2% from 2020. While shoppers returned to physical stores in the back half of 2021 as COVID restrictions eased in various parts of the United States, many shoppers continued to rely on internet retailers for their consumer needs. As a result, e-commerce sales ended the year accounting 13.2% of total sales as compared to 13.6% of total in 2020.

In the United States, we sell on marketplaces that represent greater than 50% of national e-commerce visits and sales (including Amazon.com, Walmart.com, Target.com, Google.com, Sears.com, jet.com, Pricefalls.com, Overstock.com, and Wish.com). Internationally, we sell on marketplaces in the U.K. (Amazon.uk), Germany (Amazon.de), Canada (Amazon.ca).

Competition and Strategic Positioning
Kaspien operates in a category within e-commerce called “Marketplace Growth Software and Services”. Businesses in this category provide services to brands and other sellers to facilitate growth on marketplaces. The market is very fragmented, and most providers are focused on a few focus areas where sellers have support needs. Subcategories in this market include Account and Marketing Services, Supply Chain and Logistics Providers, Manufacturers and Product Suppliers, Legal Services and Accounting, Tax and Financial Services. In the Account and Marketing Services subcategory, services are further divided into retail services and agency services. This is analogous to our business models – Retail as a Service, Agency as a Service and Managed Services.

Kaspien positions itself as a comprehensive and fully customizable offering of software and services tailored towards online marketplace growth. Kaspien’s core focus is on the Account and Marketing Services subcategory and competes in this subcategory with Software Providers, Agencies and Retailers.

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Revenue Distribution
Kaspien’s primary source of revenue is through its “Retail as a Service” business, specifically as a third-party seller on the Amazon US marketplace. Retail revenues represented 98.7% of total revenue in fiscal 2021 as compared to 99.2% in fiscal 2020. In fiscal 2021, the share of our retail revenues generated from our Amazon US business was 94.4%, as compared to 94.6% in fiscal 2020. Our international retail business represented 3.9% of retail sales in fiscal 2021 compared to 4.9% in fiscal year 2020. The remaining retail revenue is generated from other marketplaces including Amazon International, Walmart, eBay and Target+.

Kaspien focuses on a broad array of categories, including pets and sporting goods, baby, tools / office / outdoor, health & personal care, and home / kitchen. In fiscal year 2021, these categories represented approximately 81% of our total revenue. Kaspien organizes our operations by category, developing a deep understanding and subject matter expertise in these areas, enabling us to drive better results across these categories.

Human Capital
As of January 29, 2022, the Company employed approximately 141 full-time people. At the end of fiscal 2021, the Company had department heads in the areas of marketing, supply chain, private label, business development, account management, human resources, accounting, FP&A, warehouse operations, compliance, and technology. Employee levels are managed to align with the pace of business and management believes it has sufficient human capital to operate its business successfully.

The Company believes that its success depends on the ability to attract, develop, retain and incentivize our existing and new employees, consultants, and key personnel. It also believes that the skills, experience and industry knowledge of its key personnel significantly benefits its operations and performance. The principal purposes of equity and cash incentive plans are to attract, retain and reward personnel through the granting of stock-based and cash-based compensation awards, in order to offer a best-in-class employee experience which ultimately increases shareholder value and the success of our company by motivating such individuals to perform to the best of their abilities and achieve our objectives.

Customer Acquisition
Kaspien engages its partners through a combination of brand building, inbound digital marketing, and outbound sales, as well as using its proprietary data platform to identify brands that would be a strategic fit for its services. Kaspien utilizes content marketing to strengthen its visibility within the industry. Kaspien’s public relations efforts consist of press releases, articles in industry publications, and articles on its website to build its brand.

In addition, Kaspien regularly runs advertisements on popular ad platforms such as Google, Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn to bring leads into its sales funnels.

Trademarks
The trademark Kaspien is registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and is owned by Kaspien. We believe that our rights to this trademark is adequately protected. We hold no material patents, licenses, franchises, or concessions; however, our established trademark is essential to maintaining our competitive position.

Available Information

The Company’s headquarters are located at 2818 N. Sullivan Road, Suite 130, Spokane Valley, WA 99216, and its telephone number is (855)-300-2710. The Company’s corporate website address is www.kaspien.com. The Company makes available, free of charge, its Exchange Act Reports (Forms 10-K, 10-Q, 8-K and any amendments thereto) on its web site as soon as practical after the reports are filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The public may read and copy any materials the Company files with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room can be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. This information can be obtained from the site http://www.sec.gov. The Company’s Common Stock, $0.01 par value, is listed on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the trading symbol “KSPN”.

5

Item 1A.
RISK FACTORS

The following is a discussion of certain factors, which could affect the financial results of the Company.

Risks Related to Our Business

If we cannot successfully implement our business strategy our growth and profitability could be adversely impacted.

Our future results will depend, among other things, on our success in implementing our business strategy. The ability of the Company to meet its liabilities and to continue as a going concern is dependent on improved profitability, the continued implementation of the strategic initiative to reposition Kaspien as a platform of software and services, the availability of future funding and overcoming the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

There can be no assurance that we will be successful in further implementing our business strategy or that the strategy, including the completed initiatives, will be successful in sustaining acceptable levels of sales growth and profitability. Based on recurring losses from operations, negative cash flows from operations, the expectation of continuing operating losses for the foreseeable future, negative cash flows for operations and uncertainty with respect to any available future funding, the Company has concluded that there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

Continued increases in Amazon Marketplace fulfillment and storage fees could have an adverse impact on our profit margin and results of operations.
The Company utilizes Amazon’s Freight by Amazon (“FBA”) platform to store their products at the Amazon fulfillment center and to pack and distribute these products to customers. If Amazon continues to increase its FBA fees, our profit margin could be adversely affected.

Our business depends on our ability to build and maintain strong product listings on e-commerce platforms. We may not be able to maintain and enhance our product listings if we receive unfavorable customer complaints, negative publicity, or otherwise fail to live up to consumers’ expectations, which could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and growth prospects.

Maintaining and enhancing our product listings is critical in expanding and growing our business. However, a significant portion of our perceived performance to the customer depends on third parties outside of our control, including suppliers and third-party delivery agents as well as online retailers such as Amazon and Walmart. Because our agreements with our online retail partners are generally terminable at will, we may be unable to maintain these relationships, and our results of operations could fluctuate significantly from period to period. Because we rely on third parties to deliver our products, we are subject to shipping delays or disruptions caused by inclement weather, natural disasters, labor activism, health epidemics or bioterrorism. We may also experience shipping delays or disruptions due to other carrier-related issues relating to their own internal operational capabilities. Further, we rely on the business continuity plans of these third parties to operate during pandemics, like the COVID-19 pandemic, and we have limited ability to influence their plans, prevent delays, and/or cost increases due to reduced availability and capacity and increased required safety measures.

Customer complaints or negative publicity about our products, delivery times, or marketing strategies, even if not accurate, especially on blogs, social media websites and third-party market sites, could rapidly and severely diminish consumer view of our product listings and result in harm to our brands. Customers may also make safety-related claims regarding products sold through our online retail partners, such as Amazon, which may result in an online retail partner removing the product from its marketplace. We have from time to time experienced such removals and such removals may materially impact our financial results depending on the product that is removed and length of time that it is removed. We also use and rely on other services from third parties, such as our telecommunications services, and those services may be subject to outages and interruptions that are not within our control.

6

A change in one or more of the Company’s partners’ policies or the Company’s relationship with those partners could adversely affect the Company’s results of operations.
The Company is dependent on its partners to supply merchandise in a timely and efficient manner. If a partner fails to deliver on its commitments, whether due to financial difficulties or other reasons, the Company could experience merchandise shortages that could lead to lost sales.

Historically, the Company has not experienced difficulty in obtaining satisfactory sources of supply and management believes that it will continue to have access to adequate sources of supply. The Company had one vendor that represented 11.0% of net revenue in fiscal 2021.

Our revenue is dependent upon maintaining our relationship with Amazon and failure to do so, or any restrictions on our ability to offer products on the Amazon Marketplace, could have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The Company generates substantially all its revenue through the Amazon Marketplace. Therefore, we depend in large part on our relationship with Amazon for growth. In particular, we depend on our ability to offer products on the Amazon Marketplace. We also depend on Amazon for the timely delivery of products to customers. Any adverse change in our relationship with Amazon, including restrictions on the ability to offer products or termination of the relationship, could adversely affect our continued growth and financial condition and results of operations.

We have substantial indebtedness, which could adversely affect our business.
We have a significant amount of debt and we may continue to incur additional debt in the future. As of January 29, 2022, the Company had borrowings of $10.0 million under our credit facility with Eclipse. We also had borrowings of $4.4 million under our Subordinated Debt facility, with interest accruing at the rate of twelve percent (12%) per annum and compounded on the last day of each calendar quarter by becoming a part of the principal amount. On March 2, 2022, we incurred an additional $5.0 million under our Subordinated Debt Facility, with interest accruing at the rate of fifteen percent (15%) per annum and compounded on the last day of each calendar quarter by becoming a part of the principal amount. Substantially all of our assets, including the capital stock of Kaspien is pledged to secure our indebtedness.  This leverage also exposes us to significant risk by limiting our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business (whether through competitive pressure or otherwise), our industry and the economy at large. In addition, our ability to make payments on, or repay or refinance, such debt, and to fund our operating and capital expenditures, depends largely upon our future operating performance. Our future operating performance, to a certain extent, is subject to general economic, financial, competitive, regulatory and other factors that are beyond our control.

The terms of our asset-based revolving credit agreement and subordinated debt agreement impose certain restrictions on us that may impair our ability to respond to changing business and economic conditions, which could have a significant adverse impact on our business. Additionally, our business could suffer if our ability to acquire financing is reduced or eliminated.
On February 20, 2020, Kaspien entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) with Eclipse, as administrative agent, under which the lenders committed to provide up to $25 million in loans under a four-year, secured revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”). On March 30, 2020, we entered into a Subordinated Loan and Security Agreement (the “Subordinated Loan Agreement”) with the lenders party thereto from time to time (the “Lenders”) and TWEC Loan Collateral Agent, LLC (“Collateral Agent”), as collateral agent for the Lenders, pursuant to which the Lenders made a $5.2 million secured term loan (the “Subordinated Loan”) to Kaspien.  We subsequently amended the Subordinated Loan to add an additional $5.0 million secured term loan.

Among other things, the Loan Agreement and Subordinated Loan Agreement limit Kaspien’s ability to incur additional indebtedness, create liens, make investments, make restricted payments or specified payments and merge or acquire assets. The Loan Agreement also requires Kaspien to comply with a financial maintenance covenant.

The Loan Agreement and Subordinated Loan Agreement contains customary events of default, including, but not limited to, payment defaults, breaches of representations and warranties, covenant defaults, cross-defaults to other obligations, customary ERISA defaults, certain events of bankruptcy and insolvency, judgment defaults, the invalidity of liens on collateral, change in control, cessation of business or the liquidation of material assets of the borrowers and guarantors taken as a whole, the occurrence of an uninsured loss to a material portion of collateral and, in the case of the Credit Facility, failure of the obligations to constitute senior indebtedness under any applicable subordination or intercreditor agreements, including our Subordinated Debt.

7

Risks Related to Information Technology and Intellectual Property

Breach of data security could harm our business and standing with our customers.
The protection of our partner, employee and business data is critical to us. Our business, like that of most companies, involves confidential information about our employees, our suppliers and our Company. We rely on commercially available systems, software, tools and monitoring to provide security for processing, transmission and storage of all such data, including confidential information. Despite the security measures we have in place, our facilities and systems, and those of our third-party service providers, may be vulnerable to security breaches, acts of vandalism, computer viruses, misplaced or lost data, programming or human errors, or other similar events. Unauthorized parties may attempt to gain access to our systems or information through fraud or other means, including deceiving our employees or third-party service providers. The methods used to obtain unauthorized access, disable or degrade service, or sabotage systems are also constantly changing and evolving, and may be difficult to anticipate or detect. We have implemented and regularly review and update our control systems, processes and procedures to protect against unauthorized access to or use of secured data and to prevent data loss. However, the ever-evolving threats mean we must continually evaluate and adapt our systems and processes, and there is no guarantee that they will be adequate to safeguard against all data security breaches or misuses of data. Any security breach involving the misappropriation, loss or other unauthorized disclosure of customer payment card or personal information or employee personal or confidential information, whether by us or our vendors, could damage our reputation, expose us to risk of litigation and liability, disrupt our operations, harm our business and have an adverse impact upon our net sales and profitability. As the regulatory environment related to information security, data collection and use, and privacy becomes increasingly rigorous, with new and changing requirements applicable to our business, compliance with those requirements could also result in additional costs. Further, if we are unable to comply with the security standards established by banks and the credit card industry, we may be subject to fines, restrictions and expulsion from card acceptance programs, which could adversely affect our retail operations.

Our hardware and software systems are vulnerable to damage, theft or intrusion that could harm our business.
Any failure of our computer hardware or software systems that causes an interruption in our operations or a decrease in inventory tracking could result in reduced net sales and profitability. Additionally, if any data intrusion, security breach, misappropriation or theft were to occur, we could incur significant costs in responding to such event, including responding to any resulting claims, litigation or investigations, which could harm our operating results.

Our inability or failure to protect our intellectual property rights, or any claimed infringement by us of third-party intellectual rights, could have a negative impact on our operating results.
Our trademark, trade secrets and other intellectual property, including proprietary software, are valuable assets that are critical to our success. The unauthorized reproduction or other misappropriation of our intellectual property could cause a decline in our revenue. In addition, any infringement or other intellectual property claim made against us could be time-consuming to address, result in costly litigation, cause product delays, require us to enter into royalty or licensing agreements or result in our loss of ownership or use of the intellectual property.

Risks Related to Human Capital

Loss of key personnel or the inability to attract, train and retain qualified employees could adversely affect the Company’s results of operations.
The Company believes that its future prospects depend, to a significant extent, on the services of its executive officers. Our future success will also depend on our ability to attract and retain qualified key personnel. The loss of the services of certain of the Company’s executive officers and other key management personnel could adversely affect the Company’s results of operations.

8

In addition to our executive officers, the Company’s business is dependent on our ability to attract, train and retain qualified team members. Our ability to meet our labor needs while controlling our costs is subject to external factors such as unemployment levels, health care costs and changing demographics. If we are unable to attract and retain adequate numbers of qualified team members, our operations and support functions could suffer. Those factors, together with increased wage and benefit costs, could adversely affect our results of operations.

We may face difficulties in meeting our labor needs to effectively operate our business.
We are heavily dependent upon our labor workforce. Our compensation packages are designed to provide benefits commensurate with our level of expected service. However, we face the challenge of filling many positions at wage scales that are appropriate to the industry and competitive factors. We also face other risks in meeting our labor needs, including competition for qualified personnel, overall unemployment levels, and increased costs associated with complying with regulations relating to COVID-19. Changes in any of these factors, including a shortage of available workforce, could interfere with our ability to adequately service our customers and could result in increasing labor costs.

Our business could be adversely affected by increased labor costs, including costs related to an increase in minimum wage and health care.
Labor is one of the primary components in the cost of operating our business. Increased labor costs, whether due to competition, unionization, increased minimum wage, state unemployment rates, health care, or other employee benefits costs may adversely impact our operating expenses. Additionally, there is no assurance that future health care legislation will not adversely impact our results or operations.

Risks Related to Ownership of Our Common Stock.

The ownership of our Common Stock is concentrated, and entities affiliated with members of our Board of Directors have significant influence and control over the outcome of any vote of the Company’s shareholders and may have competing interests.
The Robert J. Higgins TWMC Trust (the “Trust”) owns approximately 28.8% of the outstanding Common Stock and Neil Subin owns approximately 18.1% of the outstanding Common Stock, and as a result each can significantly influence the outcome of most actions requiring shareholder approval. In addition, entities affiliated with each of the Trust and Mr. Subin, as well as one of our directors, Mr. Simpson, and certain of his affiliated entities, collectively hold approximately 51.6% of the outstanding Common Stock, and as a result can control the outcome of most actions requiring shareholder approval.

If all of the outstanding warrants described in “Related Party Transactions” were exercised, Neil Subin and his affiliated entities would own approximately 27.4% of the outstanding Common Stock, and as a result each can significantly influence the outcome of most actions requiring shareholder approval. If all of the outstanding warrants described in “Related Party Transactions” were exercised, entities affiliated with each of the Trust, Mr. Subin, as well as one of our directors, Mr. Simpson, and certain of his affiliated entities, would collectively hold approximately 57.0% of the outstanding Common Stock, and as a result can control the outcome of nearly all actions requiring shareholder approval,

These shareholders entered into a voting agreement (as described in “Related Party Transactions”) and agreed to how their respective shares of the Company’s Common Stock held by the parties will be voted with respect to the designation, election, removal, and replacement of members of the Board. Pursuant to the voting agreement, Messrs. Marcus and Simpson were appointed as directors of the Company, and Mr. Reickert, a trustee of the Trust, remained as a director of the Company. Mr. Subin was also granted board observer rights.

Entities affiliated with the Trust and Messrs. Marcus and Simpson are also lenders under our subordinated loan and security agreement, have received warrants to purchase shares of the Company’s Common Stock and received contingent value rights (“CVRs”) representing the contractual right to receive cash payments from the Company in an amount equal, in the aggregate, to 19.9% of the proceeds received by the Company in respect of certain intercompany indebtedness owing to it by Kaspien and/or its equity interest in Kaspien, each as described in “Related Party Transactions”.  In addition, entities affiliated with Mr. Marcus received an additional CVR representing the contractual right to receive cash payments from the Company in an amount equal to 9.0% of the proceeds received by the Company in respect of certain distributions by the Company or Kaspien; recapitalizations or financings of the Company or Kaspien (with appropriate carve out for trade financing in the ordinary course); repayment of intercompany indebtedness owing to the Company by Kaspien; or sale or transfer of any stock of the Company or Kaspien, as described in “Related Party Transactions”.  As a result, there may be instances in which the interest of Mr. Reickert, the Trust and its affiliated entities, Messrs. Marcus and Subin and their respective affiliated entities, and Mr. Simpson and his affiliated entities may conflict or be perceived as being in conflict with the interest of a holder of our securities or the interest of the Company.

9

The holders of our common stock could suffer substantial dilution due to our corporate financing practices.
The holders of our common stock could suffer substantial dilution due to our corporate financing practices, which, in the past few years, have included a registered direct offering, the issuance of warrants and the issuance of contingent value rights.

If all of the outstanding warrants were exercised, an additional 325,126 shares of common stock would be issued and outstanding. This additional issuance of shares of common stock would cause immediate and substantial dilution to our existing shareholders and could cause a significant reduction in the market price of our common stock.

Additionally, lenders under our subordinated loan and security agreement, have received contingent value rights (“CVRs”) representing the contractual right to receive cash payments from the Company in an amount equal, in the aggregate, to 19.9% of the proceeds received by the Company in respect of certain intercompany indebtedness owing to it by Kaspien and/or its equity interest in Kaspien, each as described in “Related Party Transactions”.  In addition, certain lenders received an additional CVR representing the contractual right to receive cash payments from the Company in an amount equal to 9.0% of the proceeds received by the Company in respect of certain distributions by the Company or Kaspien; recapitalizations or financings of the Company or Kaspien (with appropriate carve out for trade financing in the ordinary course); repayment of intercompany indebtedness owing to the Company by Kaspien; or sale or transfer of any stock of the Company or Kaspien, as described in “Related Party Transactions”.  If events triggering these payments occur, the amount of consideration received by the Company will be reduced, thereby reducing any amounts distributable or attributable to shareholders or their shares.

The issuance of any securities for acquisition or financing efforts, upon exercise of warrants, pursuant to our equity compensation plans, or otherwise may result in a reduction of the market price of the outstanding shares of our common stock. If we issue any such additional securities, such issuance will cause a reduction in the proportionate ownership and voting power of all current shareholders. Further, such issuance may result in a change in control of our Company.

The Company’s stock price has experienced and could continue to experience volatility and could decline, resulting in a substantial loss on your investment.
Our stock price has experienced, and could continue to experience in the future, substantial volatility as a result of many factors, including global economic conditions, broad market fluctuations and public perception of the prospects for the industries in which we operate and the value of our assets. We are reliant on the performance of Kaspien, and a failure to meet market expectations, particularly with respect to net revenues, operating margins and earnings per share, would likely result in a further decline in the market price of our stock.

If we do not meet the continued listing standards of the NASDAQ, our Common Stock could be delisted from trading, which could limit investors’ ability to make transactions in our Common Stock and subject us to additional trading restrictions.
Our common stock is listed on NASDAQ, which imposes continued listing requirements with respect to listed shares. If we fail to maintain compliance with the continued listing requirements in the future and NASDAQ determines to delist our Common Stock, the delisting could adversely affect the market price and liquidity of our Common Stock and reduce our ability to raise additional capital.

The limited public float and trading volume for our Common Stock may have an adverse impact and cause significant fluctuation of market price.
Historically, ownership of a significant portion of our outstanding shares of Common Stock has been concentrated in a small number of shareholders. Consequently, our Common Stock has a relatively small float and low average daily trading volume, which could affect a shareholder’s ability to sell our stock or the price at which it can be sold. In addition, future sales of substantial amounts of our Common Stock in the public market by those larger shareholders, or the perception that these sales could occur, may adversely impact the market price of the stock and our stock could be difficult for a shareholder to liquidate.

10

General Risk Factors

The Company’s business is influenced by general economic conditions.
The Company’s performance is subject to general economic conditions and their impact on levels of discretionary consumer spending. General economic conditions impacting discretionary consumer spending include, among others, wages and employment, consumer debt, reductions in net worth, residential real estate and mortgage markets, taxation, fuel and energy prices, interest rates, consumer confidence and other macroeconomic factors.

Consumer purchases of discretionary items generally decline during recessionary periods and other periods where disposable income is adversely affected. A downturn in the economy affects retailers disproportionately, as consumers may prioritize reductions in discretionary spending, which could have a direct impact on purchases of our products and services and adversely impact our results of operations. In addition, reduced consumer spending may drive us and our competitors to offer additional products at promotional prices, which would have a negative impact on gross profit.

Disruption of global capital and credit markets may have a material adverse effect on the Company’s liquidity and capital resources.
Distress in the financial markets has in the past and can in the future result in extreme volatility in security prices, diminished liquidity and credit availability. There can be no assurance that our liquidity will not be affected by changes in the financial markets and the global economy or that our capital resources will at all times be sufficient to satisfy our liquidity needs.

Because of our floating rate credit facility, we may be adversely affected by interest rate changes.
Our financial position may be affected by fluctuations in interest rates, as the Credit Facility is subject to floating interest rates. Interest rates are highly sensitive to many factors, including governmental monetary policies, domestic and international economic and political conditions and other factors beyond our control. As we borrow against our credit facility, a significant increase in interest rates could have an adverse effect on our financial position and results of operations.

The Company is dependent upon access to capital, including bank credit facilities and short-term vendor financing, for its liquidity needs.
The Company must have sufficient sources of liquidity to fund its working capital requirements and indebtedness. The future availability of financing will depend on a variety of factors, such as economic and market conditions, permissibility under our existing financing arrangements, the availability of credit and the Company’s credit rating, as well as the Company’s reputation with potential lenders. These factors could materially adversely affect the Company’s ability to fund its working capital requirements, costs of borrowing, and the Company’s financial position and results of operations would be adversely impacted.

We may complete a future significant strategic transaction that may not achieve intended results or could increase the number of our outstanding shares or amount of outstanding debt or result in a change of control.

We will evaluate and may in the future enter into strategic transactions. Any such transaction could happen at any time following the closing of the merger, could be material to our business and could take any number of forms, including, for example, an acquisition, merger or a sale of all or substantially all of our assets.

Evaluating potential transactions and integrating completed ones may divert the attention of our management from ordinary operating matters. The success of these potential transactions will depend, in part, on our ability to realize the anticipated growth opportunities and cost synergies through the successful integration of the businesses we acquire with our existing business. Even if we are successful in integrating the acquired businesses, we cannot assure you that these integrations will result in the realization of the full benefit of any anticipated growth opportunities or cost synergies or that these benefits will be realized within the expected time frames. In addition, acquired businesses may have unanticipated liabilities or contingencies.

11

If we complete an acquisition, investment or other strategic transaction, we may require additional financing that could result in an increase in the number of our outstanding shares or the aggregate principal amount of our debt. A strategic transaction may result in a change in control of our company or otherwise materially and adversely affect our business.

Historically, we have experienced declines, and we may continue to experience fluctuation in our level of sales and results from operations.
A variety of factors has historically affected, and will continue to affect, our sales results and profit margins. These factors include general economic conditions; competition; actions taken by our competitors; consumer trends and preferences; access to third party marketplaces; and new product introductions and changes in our product mix.

There is no assurance that we will achieve positive levels of sales and earnings growth, and any decline in our future growth or performance could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

The ability of the Company to satisfy its liabilities and to continue as a going concern will continue to be dependent on the implementation of several items, the success of which is not certain.
The Company has suffered recurring losses from operations and the Company’s primary sources of liquidity are borrowing capacity under its revolving credit facility, available cash and cash equivalents, all of which are limited. Therefore, the ability of the Company to meet its liabilities and to continue as a going concern is dependent on, among other things, improved profitability, the continued implementation of the strategic initiative to reposition Kaspien as a platform of software and services, the availability of future funding, implementation of one or more corporate initiatives to reduce costs at the parent company level and other strategic alternatives, including selling all or part of the remaining business or assets of the Company, and overcoming the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

There can be no assurance that we will be successful in further implementing our business strategy or that the strategy, including the completed initiatives, will be successful in sustaining acceptable levels of sales growth and profitability. Based on recurring losses from operations, negative cash flows from operations, the expectation of continuing operating losses for the foreseeable future, negative cash flows from operations and uncertainty with respect to any available future funding, the Company has concluded that there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

Parties with whom the Company does business may be subject to insolvency risks or may otherwise become unable or unwilling to perform their obligations to the Company.
The Company is a party to contracts, transactions and business relationships with various third parties, including partners, vendors, suppliers, service providers and lenders, pursuant to which such third parties have performance, payment and other obligations to the Company. In some cases, the Company depends upon such third parties to provide essential products, services or other benefits, including with respect to merchandise, advertising, software development and support, logistics, other agreements for goods and services in order to operate the Company’s business in the ordinary course, extensions of credit, credit card accounts and related receivables, and other vital matters. Economic, industry and market conditions, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, could result in increased risks to the Company associated with the potential financial distress or insolvency of such third parties. The Company is not currently able to accurately determine the extent and scope of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on such third parties. If any of these third parties were to become subject to bankruptcy, receivership or similar proceedings, the rights and benefits of the Company in relation to its contracts, transactions and business relationships with such third parties could be terminated, modified in a manner adverse to the Company, or otherwise impaired. The Company cannot make any assurances that it would be able to arrange for alternate or replacement contracts, transactions or business relationships on terms as favorable as the Company’s existing contracts, transactions or business relationships, if at all. Any inability on the part of the Company to do so could negatively affect the Company’s cash flows, financial condition and results of operations.

12

Failure to comply with legal and regulatory requirements could adversely affect the Company’s results of operations.
The Company’s business is subject to a wide array of laws and regulations. Significant legislative changes that impact our relationship with our workforce (none of which is represented by unions) could increase our expenses and adversely affect our operations. Examples of possible legislative changes impacting our relationship with our workforce include changes to an employer’s obligation to recognize collective bargaining units, the process by which collective bargaining units are negotiated or imposed, minimum wage requirements, health care mandates, and changes in overtime regulations.

Our policies, procedures and internal controls are designed to comply with all applicable laws and regulations, including those imposed by the Securities and Exchange Commission and the NASDAQ Capital Market, as well as applicable employment laws. Additional legal and regulatory requirements increase the complexity of the regulatory environment in which we operate and the related cost of compliance. Failure to comply with such laws and regulations may result in damage to our reputation, financial condition and market price of our stock.

Litigation may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our business is subject to the risk of litigation by employees, consumers, partners, suppliers, competitors, stockholders, government agencies or others through private actions, class actions, administrative proceedings, regulatory actions or other litigation. The outcome of litigation, particularly class action lawsuits and regulatory actions, is difficult to assess or quantify. We may incur losses relating to these claims, and in addition, these proceedings could cause us to incur costs and may require us to devote resources to defend against these claims that could adversely affect our results of operations. For a description of current legal proceedings, see “Part I, Item 3, Legal Proceedings.”

The effects of natural disasters, terrorism, acts of war, and public health issues may adversely affect our business.
Natural disasters, including earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, and tornadoes may affect store and distribution center operations. In addition, acts of terrorism, acts of war, and military action both in the United States and abroad can have a significant effect on economic conditions and may negatively affect our ability to purchase merchandise from suppliers for sale to our customers. Public health issues, such as flu or other pandemics, whether occurring in the United States or abroad, could disrupt our operations and result in a significant part of our workforce being unable to operate or maintain our infrastructure or perform other tasks necessary to conduct our business. Additionally, public health issues may disrupt, or have an adverse effect on, our suppliers’ operations, our operations, our customers, or customer demand. Our ability to mitigate the adverse effect of these events depends, in part, upon the effectiveness of our disaster preparedness and response planning as well as business continuity planning. However, we cannot be certain that our plans will be adequate or implemented properly in the event of an actual disaster. We may be required to suspend operations in some or all our locations, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Any significant declines in public safety or uncertainties regarding future economic prospects that affect customer spending habits could have a material adverse effect on customer purchases of our products.

A pandemic, epidemic or outbreak of an infectious disease, such as COVID-19, may materially and adversely affect our business.
Our business, results of operations, and financial condition may be materially adversely impacted if a public health outbreak, including the recent COVID-19 pandemic, interferes with our ability, or the ability of our employees, contractors, suppliers, and other business partners to perform our and their respective responsibilities and obligations relative to the conduct of our business.

The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected and may continue to adversely affect the economies and financial markets worldwide, resulting in an economic downturn that could impact our business, financial condition and results of operations. As a result, our ability to fund through public or private equity offerings, debt financings, and through other means at acceptable terms, if at all, may be disrupted, in the event our financing needs for the foreseeable future are not able to be met by our Credit Facility, balances of cash, cash equivalents and cash generated from operations.

13

In addition, the continuation of the COVID-19 pandemic and various governmental responses in the United States has adversely affected and may continue to adversely affect our business operations, including our ability to carry on business development activities, restrictions in business-related travel, delays or disruptions in our on-going projects, and unavailability of the employees of the Company or third parties with whom we conduct business, due to illness or quarantines, among others. Our business was negatively impacted by disruptions in our supply chain, which limited our ability to source merchandise, and limits on products fulfillment placed by Amazon. For example, we may be unable to launch new products, replenish inventory for existing products, ship into or receive inventory in our third-party warehouses in each case on a timely basis or at all. During fiscal 2021, we experienced production and shipment delays for certain of our products that resulted in stock outs on the Amazon marketplace resulting in a decrease of net revenue. During 2021, the global shipping disruption led to substantial increases in supply chain costs and reduced the reliability and timely delivery of our shipping containers. The extent to which COVID-19 could impact our business will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence, and will depend on many factors, including the duration of the outbreak, the effect of travel restrictions and social distancing efforts in the United States and other countries, the scope and length of business closures or business disruptions, and the actions taken by governments to contain and treat the disease. As such, we cannot presently predict the scope and extent of any potential business shutdowns or disruptions. Possible effects may include, but are not limited to, disruption to our customers and revenue, absenteeism in our labor workforce, unavailability of products and supplies used in our operations, shutdowns that may be mandated or requested by governmental authorities, and a decline in the value of our assets, including various long-lived assets.

Item 1B.
UNRESOLVED SEC COMMENTS

None.

14

Item 2.
PROPERTIES

Corporate Offices and Distribution Center Facility

As of January 29, 2022, we leased the following office and distribution facilities:

Location
 
Square
Footage
 
Owned or
Leased
 
Use
Spokane, WA
 
30,700
 
Leased
 
Office administration
Spokane, WA
 
32,000
 
Leased
 
Distribution center

The distribution center supports the distribution to outside distribution facilities for sale on third-party marketplaces for Kaspien.

Item 3.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

The Company is subject to legal proceedings and claims that have arisen in the ordinary course of its business and have not been finally adjudicated. Although there can be no assurance as to the ultimate disposition of these matters, it is management’s opinion, based upon the information available at this time, that the expected outcome of these matters, individually and in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on the results of operations and financial condition of the Company.

Loyalty Memberships and Magazine Subscriptions Class Action
On November 14, 2018, three consumers filed a punitive class action complaint against the Company and Synapse Group, Inc. in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, Boston Division (Case No.1:18-cv-12377-DPW) concerning enrollment in the Company’s Backstage Pass VIP loyalty program and associated magazine subscriptions. The complaint alleged, among other things, that the Company’s “negative option marketing” misled consumers into enrolling for membership and subscriptions without obtaining the consumers’ consent. The complaint sought to represent a nationwide class of “all persons in the United States” who were enrolled in and/or charged for Backstage Pass VIP memberships and/or magazine subscriptions, and to obtain statutory and actual damages on their behalf.
 
On April 11, 2019, the plaintiffs voluntarily dismissed their lawsuit. On May 8, 2019, two of the plaintiffs from the dismissed lawsuit filed a similar putative class action in Massachusetts state court (Civ. Act. No. 197CV00331, Mass. Super. Ct. Hampden Cty.), based on the same allegations, but this time seeking to represent only a class of “FYE customers in Massachusetts” who were charged for VIP Backstage Pass Memberships and/or magazine subscriptions. The Company removed that lawsuit back to federal court on June 12, 2019, and then filed a motion to dismiss and/or strike the plaintiff’s class action allegations on June 28, 2019. On February 2, 2021, the court granted the Company’s motion, struck the class action allegations, and dismissed the individual plaintiffs’ claims for lack of jurisdiction. Plaintiffs appealed the court’s decision on February 24, 2021. The parties participated in a mandatory court-annexed mediation session on April 8, 2021. The parties agreed on terms to resolve the matter fully and finally, and the appeal was dismissed without material impact on the financial results of the Company.
 
Store Manager Class Actions
There are two pending class actions. The first, Spack v. Trans World Entertainment Corp. was originally filed in the District of New Jersey, April 2017 (the “Spack Action”). The Spack Action alleges that the Company misclassified Store Managers (“SMs”) as exempt nationwide. It also alleges that Trans World improperly calculated overtime for Senior Assistant Managers (“SAMs”) nationwide, and that both SMs and SAMs worked “off-the-clock.”  It also alleges violations of New Jersey and Pennsylvania State Law with respect to calculating overtime for SAMs. The second, Roper v. Trans World Entertainment Corp., was filed in the Northern District of New York, May 2017 (the “Roper Action”). The Roper Action also asserts a nationwide misclassification claim on behalf of SMs. Both actions were consolidated into the Northern District of New York, with the Spack Action being the lead case.
 
The Company has reached a settlement with the plaintiffs for both store manager class actions, which has received approval from the court. The Company reserved $0.4 million for the settlement as of January 30, 2021. During the second quarter of fiscal 2021, the Company paid the final settlement and the matter is fully resolved.

15

Retailer Agreement Dispute
On June 18, 2021, Vijuve Inc. filed a lawsuit against Kaspien Inc. in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Washington (Case No. 2:21-cv-00192-SAB) concerning a Retailer Agreement that the parties entered into in September of 2020. Vijuve manufactures skin care products and face massagers. The parties agreed that Kaspien would sell Vijuve’s products on Amazon. The complaint alleged that Kaspien breached the Retailer Agreement when it declined to acquiesce to Vijuve’s demand that Kaspien purchase over $700,000 of products. In total, Vijuve is seeking $774,000 in damages. Kaspien denies that it breached the agreement. Moreover, on July 19, 2021, Kaspien filed counterclaims and alleged that Vijuve breached the contract, including by refusing to buy back inventory from Kaspien upon termination of the Retailer Agreement. Kaspien is seeking at least $229,000 from Vijuve for breach of contract and/or specific performance. A trial on all of the parties’ claims is scheduled for February 21, 2023.

Item 4.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

16

PART II
Item 5.
MARKET FOR THE REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Market Information: The Company’s Common Stock trades on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “KSPN.”  As of April 15, 2022, there were 296 shareholders of record.

On March 18, 2021, the Company closed an underwritten offering of 416,600 shares of common stock of the Company, at a price to the public of $32.50 per share. The gross proceeds of the offering were approximately $13.5 million, prior to deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses. The Company used the net proceeds from the offering for general corporate purposes, including working capital to implement its strategic plans focused on brand acquisition, investments in technology to enhance its scalable platform and its core retail business.

On March 2, 2022, the Company issued warrants to purchase up to 320,000 shares of Common Stock to Alimco, subject to adjustment in accordance with the terms of the Warrant, at an exercise price of $0.01 per share. See “Related Party Transactions”.

Dividend Policy: The Company did not pay cash dividends in fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020. The declaration and payment of any dividends is at the sole discretion of the board of directors and is not guaranteed.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities during the Quarter Ended January 29, 2022
During the three-month period ended January 29, 2022, the Company did not repurchase any shares under a share repurchase program.

Item 6.
[Reserved]

17

Item 7.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Overview

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations provide information that the Company’s management believes necessary to achieve an understanding of its financial condition and results of operations. To the extent that such analysis contains statements which are not of a historical nature, such statements are forward-looking statements, which involve risks and uncertainties. These risks include, but are not limited to, changes in the competitive environment for the Company’s products and services; general economic factors in markets where the Company’s products and services are sold; and other factors including, but not limited to: cost of goods, consumer disposable income, consumer debt levels and buying patterns, consumer credit availability, interest rates, customer preferences, unemployment, labor costs, inflation, fuel and energy prices, weather patterns, climate change, catastrophic events, competitive pressures and insurance costs discussed in the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

FYE Transaction

Previously, the Company also operated fye, a chain of retail entertainment stores and e-commerce sites, www.fye.com and www.secondspin.com. On February 20, 2020, the Company consummated the sale of substantially all of the assets and certain of the liabilities relating to fye to a subsidiary of 2428391 Ontario Inc. o/a Sunrise Records (“Sunrise Records”) pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement dated January 23, 2020, by and among the Company, Record Town, Inc., Record Town USA LLC, Record Town Utah LLC, Trans World FL LLC, Trans World New York, LLC, 2428392 Inc., and Sunrise Records (the “FYE Transaction”).

Following the FYE Transaction, Kaspien is the Company’s only operating segment.

Impact of COVID-19

To date, as a direct result of COVID-19, most of our employees are working remotely. The full extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic will directly or indirectly impact our business, results of operations and financial condition, including expenses, reserves and allowances, and employee-related amounts, will depend on future developments that are highly uncertain, including as a result of new information that may emerge concerning COVID-19 and the actions taken to contain or treat it, as well as the economic impact on local, regional, national and international customers and markets, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted at this time. Management is actively monitoring this situation and the possible effects on its financial condition, liquidity, operations, industry, and workforce. Given the daily evolution of the COVID-19 outbreak and the response to curb its spread, currently we are not able to estimate the effects of the COVID-19 outbreak to our results of operations, financial condition, or liquidity.

In response to the rapidly evolving COVID-19 pandemic, we activated our business continuity program, led by our Executive Team in conjunction with Human Resources, to help us manage the situation. In mid-March of 2020, we transitioned our corporate office staff to work 100% remotely. This process was aided through the implementation of a flexible work from home policy rolled out to the organization in fiscal 2019, having a companywide communication platform for instant messaging and video conferencing, and cloud-based critical business applications. However, while our business is not dependent on physical office locations nor travel, having a 100% remote workforce does present increased operational risk. Our leadership team believes we have the necessary controls in place to mitigate these impacts and allow the team to continue to operate effectively remotely as long as required by State guidelines.
 
While e-commerce has largely benefited from the closure of brick-and-mortar locations as consumer spending has been pushed online to marketplaces such as Amazon and Walmart, the industry nor our organization has been immune to the impact to our supply chains. During 2021, we have been impacted by COVID-19 pandemic and related global shipping disruption. Together these have led to substantial increases in supply chain costs and has reduced the reliability and timely delivery of such shipping containers. Further, this global shipping disruption is forcing us to increase our inventory on-hand including advance ordering and taking possession of inventory earlier than expected impacting its working capital.

18

COVID-19 continues to bring uncertainty to consumer demand as price increases related to raw materials, the importing of goods, including tariffs, and the cost of delivering goods to consumers has led to inflation across the U.S. Coupled with continued changes in governmental restrictions and requirements, which continued to vary across the majority of the country, the Company has noticed changes to consumer buying habits, which may have reduced demand for its products. Further, we have increased the sale prices for our products to offset the increased supply chain costs, which has also led to reduced demand for our goods. Reduced demand for our products and increased prices affecting consumer demand generally have also made forecasting more difficult.

The risk of another wave or increased numbers of positive COVID-19 cases also presents further risk to supply chains. Leadership is actively monitoring the situation and potential impacts on its financial condition, liquidity, operations and workforce but the full extent of the impact is still highly uncertain.

Key Performance Indicators

Management monitors a number of key performance indicators to evaluate its performance, including:

Net Revenue: The Company measures total year over year sales growth. Net sales performance is measured through several key performance indicators including number of partners and active product listings and sales per listing.

Cost of Sales and Gross Profit:  Gross profit is calculated based on the cost of product in relation to its retail selling value. Changes in gross profit are impacted primarily by net sales levels, mix of products sold, obsolescence and distribution costs. Distribution expenses include those costs associated with receiving, inspecting & warehousing merchandise, Amazon fulfillment fees, and costs associated with product returns to vendors.

Selling, General and Administrative (“SG&A”) Expenses: Included in SG&A expenses are payroll and related costs, general operating and overhead expenses and depreciation charges. SG&A expenses also include miscellaneous income and expense items, other than interest.

Balance Sheet and Ratios:  The Company views cash, merchandise inventory, accounts payable leverage, and working capital as key indicators of its financial position. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources” for further discussion of these items.

Gross Merchandise Value (“GMV”): The total value of merchandise sold over a given time period through a customer-to-customer exchange site. It is the measurement of merchandise value sold across all channels and partners within our platform.

19

Fiscal Year Ended January 29, 2022 (“fiscal 2021”)
Compared to Fiscal Year Ended January 30, 2021 (“fiscal 2020”)

The Company’s fiscal year is a 52 or 53-week period ending the Saturday nearest to January 31. Fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020 ended January 29, 2022 and January 30, 2021, respectively. Both fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020 had 52 weeks.

Net Revenue. Net revenue decreased 9.2% to $143.7 million compared to $158.3 million in fiscal 2020. The primary source of revenue is the Retail as a Service (“RaaS”) model, which represented 99% of net revenue. Net revenue from Walmart, Target and Other Marketplaces increased to 1.5% in fiscal 2021 from 0.6% in fiscal 2020. Subscriptions and Other share of net revenue increased to 1.3% of net revenue from 0.8% of net revenue in the comparable period from the prior year. The increase was attributable an increase in the number of partners and higher gross merchandise value (“GMV”) of partner revenue flowing through the platform Amazon Marketplace. The following table sets forth net revenue by marketplace as a percentage of total net revenue:

   
January 31,
2022
   
% to
Total
   
January 30,
2021
   
% to
Total
   
Change
 
Amazon US
 
$
134,125
     
93.3
%
 
$
148,526
     
93.8
%
 
$
(14,401
)
Amazon International
   
5,576
     
3.9
%
   
7,646
     
4.8
%
   
(2,070
)
Walmart, Target & Other Marketplaces
   
2,172
     
1.5
%
   
884
     
0.6
%
   
1,288
 
Subtotal Retail
   
141,873
     
98.7
%
   
157,056
     
99.2
%
   
(15,183
)
Subscriptions & Other
   
1,840
     
1.3
%
   
1,289
     
0.8
%
   
551
 
Total
 
$
143,713
     
100.0
%
 
$
158,345
     
100.0
%
 
$
(14,632
)

The Company generates revenue across a broad array of product lines primarily through the Amazon Marketplace. Categories include apparel, baby, beauty, electronics, health & personal care, home/kitchen/grocery, pets, sporting goods, toys & art.

Annual platform GMV for fiscal year 2021 was $271 million as compared to $248 for fiscal 2020. Subscription GMV increased 45% to $120 million or 44.3% of total GMV, compared to $83 million or 33.5% of total GMV in fiscal 2020.

Gross Profit.  Gross profit as a percentage of revenue was 22.8% in fiscal 2021 as compared to 24.9% in fiscal 2020. The decrease in the gross profit rate was primarily due to a decrease in merchandise margin to 44.8% in fiscal 2021 as compared to 46.4% in fiscal 2020 and a $2.0 million increase in warehousing and freight expenses. The following table sets forth a year-over-year comparison of the Company’s gross profit:

         
Change
 
(amounts in thousands)
 
January 29, 2022
   
January 30, 2021
     $    
%
 
                     
Merchandise margin
 
$
64,410
   
$
73,448
   
$
(9,038
)
   
(12.3
)%
% of net revenue
   
44.8
%
   
46.4
%
   
(1.6
)%
       
                                 
Fulfillment fees
   
(21,655
)
   
(26,046
)
   
4,391
     
16.9
%
Warehousing and freight
   
(9,982
)
   
(7,986
)
   
(1,996
)
   
(24.9
)%
Gross profit
 
$
32,773
   
$
39,416
     
(6,643
)
   
(16.9
)%
                                 
% of net revenue
   
22.8
%
   
24.9
%
               

20

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. The following table sets forth a year-over-year comparison of the Company’s SG&A expenses:

         
Change
 
(amounts in thousands)
 
January 29, 2022
   
January 30,
2021
    $
     
%
 
                     
Selling expenses
 
$
20,794
   
$
23,112
   
$
(2,318
)
   
(10.0
)%
General and administrative expenses
   
19,501
     
19,890
     
(389
)
   
(2.0
)%
Depreciation and amortization expenses
   
2,096
     
2,139
     
(43
)
   
(2.0
)%
Total SG&A expenses
 
$
42,391
   
$
45,141
   
$
(2,750
)
   
(6.1
)%
                                 
As a % of total revenue
   
29.5
%
   
28.5
%
               

SG&A expenses decreased $2.8 million, or 6.1%, primarily due to a 10.0% reduction in in Selling expenses. The decline in Selling expenses was attributable to the decline in Net revenue. General and administrative expenses decreased $0.4 million.

SG&A expenses as a percentage of net revenue increased to 29.5% as compared to 28.5% in fiscal 2020. The increase in the rate as a percentage of net revenue was primarily due to lost leverage on the general and administrative expenses.

Depreciation and amortization expense. Consolidated depreciation and amortization expense for fiscal 2021 was $2.1 million, the same level as fiscal 2020.

Interest Expense. Interest expense in fiscal 2021 was $1.9 million, compared to interest expense of $1.7 million in fiscal 2020.

Income Tax (Benefit) expense. The following table sets forth a year-over-year comparison of the Company’s income tax expense:

(amounts in thousands)
             
Change
 
   
January 29,
2022
   
January 30,
2021
   
$
 
                     
Income tax (benefit) expense
 
$
27
   
$
(3,542
)
 
$
3,569
 
                         
Effective tax rate
   
0.3
%
   
(47.6
)%
   
47.9
%

The fiscal 2021 income tax expense includes state taxes.

During fiscal 2020, based on the Company’s evaluation of new information that occurred in the current financial reporting period, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $3.5 million related to the recognition of previously unrecognized income tax benefits pursuant to ASC 740-10-25, Accounting for Income Taxes – Recognition. Prior to the current financial reporting period, the Company had accrued the liabilities for unrecognized income tax benefits, including accrued interest and penalties related to tax positions created by the fye business. As a result of the FYE Transaction and a reorganization of the Company’s corporate structure, the Company will not utilize the tax attributes attributable to the tax positions and the corporate entities associated with the tax positions have been liquidated.

21

Net Loss. The following table sets forth a year-over-year comparison of the Company’s net loss:

(amounts in thousands)
             
Change
 
   
January 29,
2022
   
January 31,
2020
   
$
 
                     
Net loss
 
$
(8,031
)
 
$
(3,892
)
 
$
(4,139
)
                         
Net loss as a percentage of Net revenue
   
(5.6
)%
   
(2.5
)%
   
(3.1
)%

Net loss was $8.0 million for fiscal 2021, compared to $3.9 million for fiscal 2020. The increase in net loss was primarily due to lower net revenue and a lower gross margin rate.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Liquidity and Cash Flows:
The consolidated financial statements for the year ended January 29, 2022 were prepared on the basis of a going concern which contemplates that the Company will be able to realize assets and satisfy liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. The ability of the Company to meet its liabilities and to continue as a going concern is dependent on improved profitability, the continued implementation of the strategic initiative to reposition the Company as a platform of software and services, the availability of future funding and overcoming the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The audited consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of these uncertainties.

The Company incurred net losses of $8.0 million and $3.9 million for the fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020, respectively, and has an accumulated deficit of $120.9 million as of January 29, 2022. In addition, net cash used in operating activities during fiscal 2021 was $14.5 million. Net cash used in operating activities during fiscal 2020 was $13.4 million.

There can be no assurance that we will be successful in further implementing our business strategy or that the strategy, including the completed initiatives, will be successful in sustaining acceptable levels of sales growth and profitability. Based on recurring losses from operations, negative cash flows from operations, the expectation of continuing operating losses for the foreseeable future, negative cash flows from operations and uncertainty with respect to any available future funding, the Company has concluded that there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

The Company’s primary sources of liquidity are its borrowing capacity under its Credit Facility, available cash and cash equivalents, and to a lesser extent, cash generated from operations. Our cash requirements relate primarily to working capital needed to operate Kaspien, including funding operating expenses, the purchase of inventory and capital expenditures. Our ability to achieve profitability and meet future liquidity needs and capital requirements will depend upon numerous factors, including the timing and amount of our revenue; the timing and amount of our operating expenses; the timing and costs of working capital needs; successful implementation of our strategy and planned activities; and our ability to overcome the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

On March 18, 2021, the Company closed an underwritten offering of 416,600 shares of common stock of the Company, at a price to the public of $32.50 per share. The gross proceeds of the offering were approximately $13.5 million, prior to deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses. The Company intends to use the net proceeds from the offering for general corporate purposes, including working capital to implement its strategic plans focused on brand acquisition, investments in technology to enhance its scalable platform and its core retail business.

22

On March 2, 2022, the Company amended its subordinated loan pursuant to which the lenders made an additional $5.0 million secured term loan with a scheduled maturity date of March 31, 2024, which is the same maturity date as the existing loans under the Subordinated Loan Agreement.

In addition to the aforementioned current sources of existing working capital, the Company is continuing its efforts to generate additional sales and increase margins. There can be no assurance that any of the initiatives or strategic alternatives will be implemented, successful or consummated.

The following table sets forth a two-year summary of key components of cash flow and working capital:

(amounts in thousands)
   
2021
   
2020
   
2021 vs.
2020
 
Operating Cash Flows
   
$
(14,534
)
 
$
(13,391
)
 
$
(1,143
)
Investing Cash Flows
     
(1,431
)
   
10,589
     
(12,018
)
Financing Cash Flows
     
14,233
     
505
     
13,728
 
                           
Capital Expenditures
     
(1,431
)
   
(1,190
)
   
(241
)
                           
End of Period Balances:
                         
Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash
(1)
   
4,823
     
6,555
     
(1,732
)
Merchandise Inventory
     
30,222
     
24,515
     
5,707
 
Working Capital
     
16,334
     
10,762
     
5,572
 
                           
(1) 
Cash and cash equivalents per Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
$
1,218
   
$
1,809
     
(591
)
 
Add: Restricted cash
   
3,605
     
4,746
     
(1,141
)
 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
 
$
4,823
   
$
6,555
     
(1,732
)

During fiscal 2021, cash used in operations was $14.5 million compared to $13.4 million in fiscal 2020. During 2021, cash used in operations consisted primarily of a net loss of $8.0 million, an increase of $4.8 million in inventory and the payment of $2.6 million in accounts payable. During 2020, cash used in operations consisted primarily of a net loss of $3.9 million, an increase of $6.7 million in inventory and the payment of $5.5 million in accounts payable partially offset by a decrease in prepaid expenses and accounts receivables. See the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for further detail.

The Company monitors various statistics to measure its management of inventory, including inventory turnover (annual cost of sales divided by average merchandise inventory balances), and accounts payable leverage (accounts payable divided by merchandise inventory). Inventory turnover measures the Company’s ability to sell merchandise and how many times it is replaced in a year. This ratio is important in determining the need for markdowns and planning future inventory levels and assessing customer response to our merchandise. Inventory turnover in fiscal 2021 and in fiscal 2020 was 4.0 and 5.6, respectively. Accounts payable leverage measures the percentage of inventory being funded by the Company’s product vendors. The percentage is important in determining the Company’s ability to fund its business. Accounts payable leverage on inventory for Kaspien was 20.7% as of January 29, 2022, compared with 36.3% as of January 30, 2021.

Cash used in investing activities was $1.4 million in fiscal 2021, compared to cash provided by investing activities of $10.6 million in fiscal 2020. During fiscal 2021, cash used in investing activities consisted of $1.4 million in capital expenditures. During fiscal 2020, cash provided by investing activities consisted of proceeds from the sale of the fye business of $11.8 million, partially offset by capital expenditures of $1.2 million.

The Company has historically financed its capital expenditures through borrowings under its revolving credit facility and cash flow from operations. The Company anticipates capital spending of approximately $1.5 million in fiscal 2022.

23

Cash provided by financing activities was $14.2 million in fiscal 2021, compared to $505,000 in fiscal 2020. In fiscal 2021, the primary source of cash was an underwritten offering of 416,600 shares of common stock of the Company, at a price to the public of $32.50 per share. The net proceeds of the offering were approximately $12.2 million. Additional sources of cash included the $10.0 million in proceeds from short term borrowings. The Company used $6.3 million of the proceeds to pay down its Credit Facility. In fiscal 2020, cash provided by financing activities consisted of $6.3 million in proceeds from short term borrowings, $5.1 million in proceeds from long term borrowings, $2.0 million in proceeds from a PPP loan, partially offset by $13.1 million in payment of short-term borrowings

Related Party Transactions.
Directors Jonathan Marcus, Thomas Simpson, and Michael Reickert are the chief executive officer of Alimco Re Ltd. (“Alimco”), the managing member of Kick-Start III, LLC and Kick-Start IV, LLC (“Kick-Start”), and a trustee of the Robert J. Higgins TWMC Trust (the “Trust”), an affiliate of RJHDC, LLC (“RJHDC” and together with Alimco and Kick-Start, “Related Party Entities”), respectively.  The Related Party Entities are parties to the following agreements with the Company entered into on March 30, 2020:


Subordinated Loan and Security Agreement (as amended), pursuant to which the Related Party Entities made a $5.2 million secured term loan ($2.7 million from Alimco, $0.5 million from Kick-Start, and $2.0 million from RJHDC) to Kaspien with a scheduled maturity date of March 31, 2024, interest accruing at the rate of twelve percent (12%) per annum and compounded on the last day of each calendar quarter by becoming a part of the principal amount, and secured by a second priority security interest in substantially all of the assets of the Company and Kaspien;


Common Stock Purchase Warrants (“Warrants”), pursuant to which the Company issued warrants to purchase up to 244,532 shares of Common Stock to the Related Party Entities (127,208 shares for Alimco, 23,401 shares for Kick-Start, and 93,923 shares for RJHDC), subject to adjustment in accordance with the terms of the Warrants, at an exercise price of $0.01 per share. As of April 15, 2022, 238,763 warrants were exercised by the Related Party Entities and 5,769 remained outstanding;


Contingent Value Rights Agreement (the “CVR Agreement”), pursuant to which the Related Party Entities received contingent value rights (“CVRs”) representing the contractual right to receive cash payments from the Company in an amount equal, in the aggregate, to 19.9% of the proceeds (10.35% for Alimco, 1.90% for Kick-Start, and 7.64% for RJHDC) received by the Company in respect of certain intercompany indebtedness owing to it by Kaspien and/or its equity interest in Kaspien; and


Voting Agreement (the “Voting Agreement”), pursuant to which the Related Party Entities, the Trust, Mr. Simpson and their respective related entities agreed to how their respective shares of the Company’s capital stock held by the parties will be voted with respect to the designation, election, removal, and replacement of members of the Board. Pursuant to the Voting Agreement, Messrs. Marcus and Simpson were appointed as directors of the Company, and Mr. Reickert, a trustee of the Trust, remained as a director of the Company. Mr. Subin was also granted board observer rights.

On March 2, 2022, the Company entered into the following agreements with certain of the Related Parties:


An amendment to the Subordinated Loan and Security Agreement, pursuant to which Alimco made an additional $5,000,000.00 secured term loan (the “Additional Subordinated Loan”) with a scheduled maturity date of March 31, 2024, interest accruing at the rate fifteen percent (15.0%) per annum, compounded on the last day of each calendar quarter by becoming a part of the principal amount of the Additional Subordinated Loan, and secured by a second priority security interest in substantially all of the assets of the Company and Kaspien;

Common Stock Purchase Warrant (“Alimco Warrant”), pursuant to which the Company issued warrants to purchase up to 320,000 shares of Common Stock to Alimco, subject to adjustment in accordance with the terms of the Alimco Warrant, at an exercise price of $0.01 per share;

Registration Rights Agreement, pursuant to which Alimco has been granted customary demand and piggyback registration rights with respect to the Warrant Shares issued upon exercise of the Alimco Warrant; and

24


Contingent Value Rights Agreement (the “Second CVR Agreement”) pursuant to which Alimco received additional contingent value rights (“Additional CVRs”) representing the contractual right to receive cash payments from the Company in an amount equal, in the aggregate, to 9.0% of the proceeds received by the Company in respect of certain distributions by the Company or Kaspien; recapitalizations or financings of the Company or Kaspien (with appropriate carve out for trade financing in the ordinary course); repayment of intercompany indebtedness owing to the Company by Kaspien; or sale or transfer of any stock of the Company or Kaspien.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires that management apply accounting policies and make estimates and assumptions that affect results of operations and the reported amounts of assets and liabilities in the financial statements. Management bases its estimates and judgments on historical experience and other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. Note 1 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this report includes a summary of the significant accounting policies and methods used by the Company in the preparation of its consolidated financial statements. Management believes that of the Company’s significant accounting policies and estimates, the following involve a higher degree of judgment or complexity:

Merchandise Inventory and Return Costs. Merchandise inventory is stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value under the average cost method. Inventory valuation requires significant judgment and estimates, including obsolescence and any adjustments to net realizable value, if net realizable value is lower than cost. For all merchandise categories, the Company records obsolescence and any adjustments to net realizable value (if lower than cost) based on current and anticipated demand, customer preferences, and market conditions.

Long-Lived Assets other than Goodwill: Long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to undiscounted future net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset over its remaining useful life. If the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its estimated future cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Fair value is generally measured based on discounted estimated future cash flows. Assets to be disposed of would be separately presented in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less disposition costs. As of January 29, 2022, for the purposes of the asset impairment test, the Company has one asset grouping.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements.

The information set forth above may be found under Notes to Consolidated Statements, Note 2.

Item 7A.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Not required under the requirements of a Smaller Reporting Company.

Item 8.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

The Exhibits and financial statement schedules to the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements are included in Item 15, and the Consolidated Financial Statements follow the signature page to this report and are incorporated herein by reference.

The quarterly results of operations are included herein in Note 13 of Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this report.

Item 9.
CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

None.

25

Item 9A.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Conclusion Regarding the Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures:  Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined under Rule 13a-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).  Based on this evaluation, our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and as of the end of the period covered by this annual report. Changes in personnel and a shortage of staff did result in inadequate oversight over the performance of certain controls and our control activities. However, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective overall, in that they provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file or submit, under the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure and reported within the time period specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management including the principal executive officer and principal financial officer.

Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting:  Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d – 15(f) under the Exchange Act, as amended). Under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”) in Internal Control-Integrated Framework (2013). Based on our evaluation under the framework in Internal Control-Integrated Framework (2013), our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of January 29, 2022.

Changes in Controls and Procedures: As of January 29, 2022, there have been no changes in the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting that occurred during fiscal 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting. We are continually monitoring and assessing the COVID-19 situation on our internal controls to minimize the impact on their design and operating effectiveness.

Item 9B.
OTHER INFORMATION

No events have occurred which would require disclosure under this Item 9B.

Item 9C.
DISCLOSURE REGARDING FOREIGN JURISDICTIONS THAT PREVENT INSPECTIONS

Not applicable.

PART III

Item 10.
DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

Information required by this item is incorporated by reference from the information to be included in the Proxy Statement for our 2022 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A with the SEC on or about May 30, 2022, which information is incorporated by reference.

Item 11.
EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

Information required by this item is incorporated by reference from the information to be included in the Proxy Statement for our 2022 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A with the SEC on or about May 30, 2022, which information is incorporated by reference.

26

Item 12.
SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED SHAREHOLDER MATTERS

Certain information required by this item is incorporated by reference from the information to be included in the Proxy Statement for our 2022 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A with the SEC on or about May 30, 2022, which information is incorporated by reference.

Item 13.
CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR   INDEPENDENCE

Information required by this item is incorporated by reference from the information to be included in the Proxy Statement for our 2022 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A with the SEC on or about May 30, 2022, which information is incorporated by reference.

Item 14.
PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

Information required by this item is incorporated by reference from the information to be included in the Proxy Statement for our 2022 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A with the SEC on or about May 30, 2022, which information is incorporated by reference.

PART IV

Item 15.
EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

15(a) (1) Financial Statements
The Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes are listed in the Consolidated Financial Statements on page F-1 of this report.

15(a) (2) Financial Statement Schedules
Consolidated Financial Statement Schedules not filed herein have been omitted as they are not applicable or the required information or equivalent information has been included in the Consolidated Financial Statements or the notes thereto.

15(a) (3) Exhibits
Exhibits are as set forth in the “Index to Exhibits” which follows the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements and immediately precedes the exhibits filed.

Item 16.
Form 10-K Summary

None.

27

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 
KASPIEN HOLDINGS INC.
Date:   April 29, 2022
By:
/s/ Brock Kowalchuk
 
Brock Kowalchuk
  Principal Executive Officer

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

Name
Title
Date
/s/ Brock Kowalchuk
 
April 29, 2022
 (Brock Kowalchuk)
Principal Executive Officer
 
     
/s/ Edwin Sapienza
Chief Financial Officer
April 29, 2022
(Edwin Sapienza)
(Principal Financial and Chief Accounting Officer)
 
     
/s/ Jonathan Marcus
   
 (Jonathan Marcus)
Director
April 29, 2022
     
/s/ Michael Reickert
   
 (Michael Reickert)
Director
April 29, 2022
     
/s/ Tom Simpson
   
 (Tom Simpson)
Director
April 29, 2022

28


KASPIEN HOLDINGS INC.
 INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 
Form 10-K
Page No.
 
 
 
 
30
 
 
Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
 
32
 
 
33
 
 
34
 
 
35
 
 
36
 
 
38

29

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Kaspien Holdings Inc.
 
Opinion on the Financial Statements
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Kaspien Holdings Inc. (“the Company”) as of January 29, 2022 and January 30, 2021, respectively, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive loss, shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for the fiscal years ended January 29, 2022 and January 30, 2021, respectively, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the financial statements). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of January 29, 2022 and January 30, 2021, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the fiscal years in the two-year period ended January 29, 2022, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
 
Going Concern
 
The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, the Company has recurring losses from operations, generates negative operating cash flows, and expects continuing losses for the foreseeable future. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 1. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

Basis for Opinion
 
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.
 
Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Critical Audit Matters
 
The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.
 
30

Valuation of inventory costs and reserves
 
Description of the Critical Audit Matter
As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, the Company periodically assess and estimates its allowances and reserves for stagnant, unfulfillable, or obsolete inventory based on current and anticipated demand, customer preference, or market conditions.   As also discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, the cost of inventory includes certain costs associated with preparation of inventory for resale, including inbound freight and handling costs.  The recognition and evaluation of inventory costs and reserves involves significant complexity and judgment in applying the relevant accounting standards when auditing management’s estimates and conclusions on inventory transactions.
 
How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit
Our principal audit procedures to evaluate management’s calculation of capitalized inventory costs and reserves included, among other procedures, the following:

We evaluated the appropriateness and consistency of management’s methods and assumptions used in the identification, recognition, and measurement of the inventory costs and reserves in considering applicable generally accepted accounting principles.
 

We tested the significant inputs, sampled underlying transactions, and analyzed historical trends and timing of receipts associated with management’s reserve estimates and recognition of inbound costs and inventory in-transit.
 

We evaluated whether management had appropriately considered new information that could significantly change the measurement or disclosure of the inventory valuation, and evaluated the disclosures related to the financial statement impacts of the transactions.

/s/ Fruci & Associates II, PLLC

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2020.
 
Spokane, Washington
April 29, 2022

31

KASPIEN HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except per share and share amounts)

   
January 29,
2022
   
January 30,
2021
 
ASSETS
           
CURRENT ASSETS
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
1,218
   
$
1,809
 
Restricted cash
   
1,158
     
1,184
 
Accounts receivable
   
2,335
     
2,718
 
Merchandise inventory
   
29,277
     
24,515
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
649
     
564
 
Total current assets
   
34,637
     
30,790
 
                 
Restricted cash
   
2,447
     
3,562
 
Fixed assets, net
   
2,335
     
2,268
 
Operating lease right-of-use assets
   
2,144
     
2,742
 
Intangible assets, net
   
-
     
732
 
Cash surrender value
   
4,154
     
3,856
 
Other assets
   
965
     
1,342
 
TOTAL ASSETS
 
$
46,682
   
$
45,292
 
                 
LIABILITIES
               
CURRENT LIABILITIES
               
Accounts payable
 
$
6,271
   
$
8,894
 
Short-term borrowings
   
9,966
     
6,339
 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
   
2,362
     
2,512
 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities
   
649
     
596
 
Current portion of PPP loan
   
-
     
1,687
 
Total current liabilities
   
19,248
     
20,028
 
                 
Operating lease liabilities
   
1,608
     
2,258
 
PPP loan
   
-
     
330
 
Long-term debt
   
4,356
     
5,000
 
Other long-term liabilities
   
14,185
     
16,187
 
TOTAL LIABILITIES
   
39,397
     
43,803
 
                 
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
Preferred stock ($0.01 par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized; none issued)
   
-
     
-
 
Common stock ($0.01 par value; 200,000,000 shares authorized; 3,902,985 shares and 3,336,576 shares issued, respectively)
   
39
     
33
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
359,220
     
346,495
 
Treasury stock at cost (1,410,417 shares and 1,410,378 shares, respectively)
   
(230,170
)
   
(230,169
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
   
(910
)
   
(2,007
)
Accumulated deficit
   
(120,894
)
   
(112,863
)
TOTAL SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
   
7,285
     
1,489
 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
$
46,682
   
$
45,292
 

See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

32

KASPIEN HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)

   
Fiscal Year Ended
 
   
January 29,
2022
   
January 30,
2021
 
             
Net revenue
 
$
143,713
   
$
158,345
 
                 
Cost of sales
   
110,940
     
118,929
 
Gross profit
   
32,773
     
39,416
 
                 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
   
42,391
     
45,141
 
Loss from continuing operations
   
(9,618
)
   
(5,725
)
Interest expense
   
1,867
     
1,709
 
Other income
    (3,481 )     -  
Loss from operations before income tax benefit
   
(8,004
)
   
(7,434
)
Income tax (benefit) expense
   
27
     
(3,542
)
Net loss
 
$
(8,031
)
 
$
(3,892
)
                 
Basic and diluted loss per share
 
$
(3.28
)
 
$
(2.10
)
                 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding - basic and diluted
   
2,448
     
1,849
 

See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

33

KASPIEN HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(in thousands)

   
Fiscal Year Ended
 
   
January 29,
2022
   
January 30,
2021
 
             
Net loss
 
$
(8,031
)
 
$
(3,892
)
                 
Pension actuarial gain (loss) adjustment
   
1,097
   
(528
)
Comprehensive loss
 
$
(6,934
)
 
$
(4,420
)

See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

34

KASPIEN HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(dollars and shares in thousands)

   
Common
Shares
   
Treasury
Shares
   
Common
Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
   
Treasury
Stock
At Cost
   
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
   
Retained
Earnings
(Accumulated
Deficit)
   
Shareholders’
Equity
 
Balance as of February 1, 2020
   
3,226
     
(1,409
)
 
$
32
   
$
345,102
   
$
(230,169
)
 
$
(1,479
)
 
$
(108,971
)
 
$
4,515
 
Net Loss
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(3,892
)
   
(3,892
)
Pension actuarial loss adjustment
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(528
)
   
-
     
(528
)
Issuance of warrants
    -       -       -       836       -       -       -       836  
Vested restricted shares
   
4
     
(1
)
   
-
     
(9
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(9
)
Common stock issued- Director grants     6       -       -       243       -       -       -       243  
Exercise of warrants     101       -       1       -       -       -       -       1  
Amortization of unearned compensation/restricted stock amortization
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
323
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
323
 
Balance as of January 30, 2021
   
3,337
     
(1,410
)
 
$
33
   
$
346,495
   
$
(230,169
)
 
$
(2,007
)
 
$
(112,863
)
 
$
1,489
 
Net Loss
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(8,031
)
   
(8,031
)
Pension actuarial loss adjustment
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
1,097
     
-
     
1,097
 
Exercise of warrants
   
138
     
-
     
2
     
-
     
(1
)
   
-
     
-
     
1
 
Common stock issued- Director grants
   
9
     
-
     
-
     
184
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
184
 
Exercise of stock options
   
2
     
-
     
-
     
51
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
51
 
Amortization of unearned compensation/restricted stock amortization
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
263
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
263
 
Sale of shares, net of expense
    417       -       4       12,227       -       -       -       12,231  
Balance as of January 29, 2022
   
3,903
     
(1,410
)
 
$
39
    $
359,220
   
$
(230,170
)
 
$
(910
)
 
$
(120,894
)
 
$
7,285
 

See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

35

KASPIEN HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)

   
Fiscal Year Ended
 
   
January 29,
2022
   
January 30,
2021
 
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
           
Net loss
 
$
(8,031
)
 
$
(3,892
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
               
Depreciation of fixed assets
   
1,364
     
1,111
 
Amortization of intangible assets
   
732
     
1,028
 
Amortization of right-of-use asset
   
598
     
569
 
Stock based compensation
   
447
     
323
 
Warrant proceeds amortization to interest
   
232
     
232
 
Interest on long term debt
   
722
     
542
 
Reversal of ASC 740 liability
   
-
     
(3,545
)
Forgiveness of PPP loan
    (1,963 )     -  
Change in cash surrender value
   
(298
)
   
(503
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities that provide (use) cash:
               
Accounts receivable
   
382
     
1,423
 
Merchandise inventory
   
(4,762
)
   
(6,679
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
(84
)
   
2,761
 
Other long-term assets
   
376
     
571
 
Accounts payable
   
(2,622
)
   
(5,458
)
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
   
(74
)
   
(1,107
)
Other long-term liabilities
   
(1,553
)
   
(767
)
Net cash used in operating activities
   
(14,534
)
   
(13,391
)
                 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
               
Purchases of fixed assets
   
(1,431
)
   
(1,190
)
Proceeds from sale of fye business
   
-
     
11,779
 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
   
(1,431
)
   
10,589
 
                 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
               
Proceeds from (payments of) long term borrowings
   
(1,600
)
   
5,063
 
Proceeds from (payments of) PPP Loan
   
(76
)
   
2,018
 
Issuance of director deferred shares and RSUs
   
-
     
234
 
Proceeds from short term borrowings
   
9,966
     
6,339
 
Payments of short-term borrowings
   
(6,339
)
   
(13,149
)
Proceeds from stock offering
    12,231       -  
Exercise of stock options
    51       -  
Net cash provided by financing activities
   
14,233
     
505
 
                 
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
   
(1,732
)
   
(2,297
)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, beginning of year
   
6,555
     
8,852
 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, end of year
 
$
4,823
   
$
6,555
 
Supplemental disclosures and non-cash investing and financing activities:
               
                 
Interest paid
 
$
1,535
   
$
463
 

See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

36

Index to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

Note Number and Description

Note
No.
 
Pages
No
 
 
 
1.
Nature of Operations and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
38
 
 
 
2.
Recently Adopted and Issued Accounting Pronouncements
42
 
 
 
3.
Other Intangible Assets
43
 
 
 
4.
Fixed Assets
44
 
 
 
5.
Restricted Cash
44
 
 
 
6.
Debt
44
 
 
 
7.
Leases
45
 
 
 
8.
Shareholders’ Equity
46
 
 
 
9.
Benefit Plans
46
 
 
 
10.
Income Taxes
49
 
 
 
11.
Related Party Transactions
51
 
 
 
12.
Commitments and Contingencies
52
 
 
 
13.
Quarterly Financial Information (Unaudited)
53
 
 
 
14.
Subsequent Events
53

37

KASPIEN HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1. Nature of Operations and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Nature of Operations: Kaspien Holdings Inc. and subsidiaries (“the Company”) operates in a single reportable segment: Kaspien is a digital marketplace retailer and generates substantially all of its revenue through Amazon Marketplace.

Previously, the Company also operated fye, a chain of retail entertainment stores and e-commerce sites, www.fye.com and www.secondspin.com. On February 20, 2020, the Company consummated the sale of substantially all of the assets and certain of the liabilities relating to fye to a subsidiary of 2428391 Ontario Inc. o/a Sunrise Records (“Sunrise Records”) pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement (as amended, the “Asset Purchase Agreement”) dated January 23, 2020, by and among the Company, Record Town, Inc., Record Town USA LLC, Record Town Utah LLC, Trans World FL LLC, Trans World New York, LLC, 2428392 Inc., and Sunrise Records. (the “FYE Transaction”).

Effects of COVID-19: To date, as a direct result of COVID-19, most of our employees are working remotely. The full extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic will directly or indirectly impact our business, results of operations and financial condition, including expenses, reserves and allowances, and employee-related amounts, will depend on future developments that are highly uncertain, including as a result of new information that may emerge concerning COVID-19 and the actions taken to contain or treat it, as well as the economic impact on local, regional, national and international customers and markets, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted at this time. Management is actively monitoring this situation and the possible effects on its financial condition, liquidity, operations, industry, and workforce. Given the daily evolution of the COVID-19 outbreak and the response to curb its spread, currently we are not able to estimate the effects of the COVID-19 outbreak to our results of operations, financial condition, or liquidity.


In response to the rapidly evolving COVID-19 pandemic, we activated our business continuity program, led by our Executive Team in conjunction with Human Resources, to help us manage the situation. In mid-March of 2020, we transitioned our corporate office staff to work 100% remotely. This process was aided through the implementation of a flexible work from home policy rolled out to the organization in fiscal 2019, having a companywide communication platform for instant messaging and video conferencing, and cloud-based critical business applications. However, while our business is not dependent on physical office locations nor travel, having a 100% remote workforce does present increased operational risk. Our leadership team believes we have the necessary controls in place to mitigate these impacts and allow the team to continue to operate effectively remotely as long as required by State guidelines.
While e-commerce has largely benefited from the closure of brick-and-mortar locations as consumer spending has been pushed online to marketplaces such as Amazon and Walmart, the industry nor our organization has been immune to the impact to our supply chains. During 2021, we have been impacted by COVID-19 pandemic and related global shipping disruption. Together these have led to substantial increases in supply chain costs and has reduced the reliability and timely delivery of such shipping containers. Further, this global shipping disruption is forcing us to increase our inventory on-hand including advance ordering and taking possession of inventory earlier than expected impacting its working capital.
COVID-19 continues to bring uncertainty to consumer demand as price increases related to raw materials, the importing of goods, including tariffs, and the cost of delivering goods to consumers has led to inflation across the U.S. Coupled with continued changes in governmental restrictions and requirements, which continued to vary across the majority of the country, the Company has noticed changes to consumer buying habits, which may have reduced demand for its products. Further, we have increased the sale prices for our products to offset the increased supply chain costs, which has also led to reduced demand for our goods. Reduced demand for our products and increased prices affecting consumer demand generally have also made forecasting more difficult.



The risk of another wave or increased numbers of positive COVID-19 cases also presents further risk to supply chains. Leadership is actively monitoring the situation and potential impacts on its financial condition, liquidity, operations and workforce but the full extent of the impact is still highly uncertain.


Liquidity: The Company’s primary sources of liquidity are borrowing capacity under its revolving credit facility, available cash and cash equivalents, and to a lesser extent, cash generated from operations. Our cash requirements relate primarily to working capital needed to operate and grow our business, including funding operating expenses and the purchase of inventory and capital expenditures. Our ability to achieve profitability and meet future liquidity needs and capital requirements will depend upon numerous factors, including the timing and amount of our revenue; the timing and amount of our operating expenses; the timing and costs of working capital needs; successful implementation of our strategy and planned activities; and our ability to overcome the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in further implementing our business strategy or that the strategy, including the completed initiatives, will be successful in sustaining acceptable levels of sales growth and profitability. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of these uncertainties.

The Company incurred net losses of $8.0 million and $3.9 million for the years ended January 29, 2022 and January 30, 2021, respectively, and has an accumulated deficit of $120.9 million as of January 29, 2022.

The Company experienced negative cash flows from operations during fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020 and we expect to incur net losses in 2022. As of January 29, 2022, we had cash and cash equivalents of $1.2 million, net working capital of $16.3 million, and outstanding borrowings of $10.0 million on our revolving credit facility, as further discussed below. This compares to $1.8 million in cash and cash equivalents and net working capital of $10.8 million and borrowings of $6.3 million on our revolving credit facility as of January 30, 2021.
 
The consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended January 29, 2022 were prepared on the basis of a going concern which contemplates that the Company will be able to realize assets and discharge liabilities in the normal course of business. The ability of the Company to meet its liabilities and to continue as a going concern is dependent on improved profitability, the strategic initiatives for Kaspien and the availability of future funding. Based on recurring losses from operations, negative cash flows from operations, the expectation of continuing operating losses for the foreseeable future, and uncertainty with respect to any available future funding, the Company has concluded that there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
 
38

Credit Facility
On February 20, 2020, Kaspien Inc. entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (as subsequently amended, the “Loan Agreement”) with Eclipse Business Capital LLC (f/k/a Encina Business Credit, LLC) (“Eclipse”), as administrative agent, under which the lenders party thereto committed to provide up to $25 million in loans under a four-year, secured revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”).  Concurrent with the FYE Transaction, the Company borrowed $3.3 million under the Credit Facility in order to satisfy the remaining obligations of the Company under the previous credit facility.

On March 30, 2020, the Company and Kaspien (the “Loan Parties”) entered into Amendment No. 1 to the Loan Agreement (the “Amendment”). Pursuant to the Amendment, among other things, (i) the Company was added as “Parent” under the Amended Loan Agreement, (ii) the Company granted a first priority security interest in substantially all of the assets of the Company, including inventory, accounts receivable, cash and cash equivalents and certain other collateral, and (iii) the Loan Agreement was amended to (a) permit the incurrence of certain subordinated indebtedness under the Subordinated Loan Agreement (as defined below) and (b) limit the Company’s ability to incur additional indebtedness, create liens, make investments, make restricted payments or specified payments and merge or acquire assets.

The commitments by the lenders under the Credit Facility are subject to borrowing base and availability restrictions. Up to $5.0 million of the Credit Facility may be used for the making of swing line loans.

As of January 29, 2022, the Company had borrowings of $10.0 million under the Credit Facility. Peak borrowings under the Credit Facility during fiscal 2021 were $13.7 million. As of January 29, 2022, the Company had no outstanding letters of credit. The Company had $2.1 million available for borrowing under the Credit Facility as of January 29, 2022.

Subordinated Debt Agreement
On March 30, 2020, the Loan Parties entered into a Subordinated Loan and Security Agreement (the “Subordinated Loan Agreement”) with the lenders party thereto from time to time (the “Lenders”) and TWEC Loan Collateral Agent, LLC (“Collateral Agent”), as collateral agent for the Lenders, pursuant to which the Lenders made a $5.2 million secured term loan (the “Subordinated Loan”) to Kaspien. Pursuant to an amendment to the Subordinated Loan Agreement, there is a scheduled maturity date of March 31, 2024. As of January 29, 2022, unamortized debt issuance costs of $0.1 million are included in “Long-Term Debt” on the consolidated balance sheet.

Directors Jonathan Marcus, Thomas Simpson, and Michael Reickert are the chief executive officer of Alimco Re Ltd. (“Alimco”), the managing member of Kick-Start III, LLC and Kick-Start IV, LLC (“Kick-Start”), and a trustee of the Robert J. Higgins TWMC Trust (the “Trust”), an affiliate of RJHDC, LLC (“RJHDC” and together with Alimco and Kick-Start, “Related Party Entities”), respectively.  The Related Party Entities are parties to the Subordinated Loan Agreement.

Paycheck Protection Program
On April 17, 2020, Kaspien received loan proceeds of $2.0 million (the “PPP Loan”) pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”). On June 15, 2021, the Small Business Administration (“SBA”) approved the Company’s application for forgiveness of the PPP Loan. The amount of the forgiveness was $1.9 million in principal and interest, which was the amount requested in the forgiveness application and was less than the original principal balance due. Following the grant of forgiveness, an outstanding balance of $76,452 was paid during fiscal 2021.

39

In addition to the aforementioned current sources of existing working capital, the Company may explore certain other strategic alternatives that may become available to the Company, as well continuing our efforts to generate additional sales and increase margins. If the Company is unable to improve its operations, it may be required to obtain additional funding, and the Company’s financial condition and results of operations may be materially adversely affected. Furthermore, broad market and industry factors may seriously harm the market price of our common stock, regardless of our operating performance, and may adversely impact our ability to raise additional funds, should we require such additional funds.

Basis of Presentation: The consolidated financial statements consist of Kaspien Holdings Inc., its wholly owned subsidiaries, Kaspien NY, LLC (f/k/a Trans World NY Sub, Inc. (f/k/a Record Town, Inc.) and its subsidiaries, and Kaspien, Inc. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions, including those related to merchandise inventory; valuation of long-lived assets,  income taxes, accounting, retirement plan obligation, and other long-term liabilities that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Actual results could differ from those estimates. In order to conform with industry practice, effective with the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, commission fees from online marketplaces, which were previously reported as cost of goods sold on the consolidated statements of operations, are now included in SG&A expense. Prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. Commission fees for fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020 were $20.8 million and $23.1 million, respectively.

Items Affecting Comparability:  The Company’s fiscal year is a 52 or 53-week period ending the Saturday nearest to January 31. Fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020 ended January 29, 2022 and January 30, 2021, respectively. Both fiscal years were 52-week periods.

Concentration of Business Risks: The Company purchases various inventory from numerous suppliers and does not have material long-term purchase contracts; rather, it purchases products from its suppliers on an order-by-order basis. Historically, Kaspien has not experienced difficulty in obtaining satisfactory sources of supply and management believes that it will continue to have access to adequate sources of supply.

The Company generates substantially all its revenue through the Amazon Marketplace. Therefore, the Company depends in large part on its relationship with Amazon for its continued growth. In particular, the Company depends on its ability to offer products on the Amazon Marketplace and on its timely delivery of products to customers.

Cash and Cash Equivalents: The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

Restricted Cash: Cash and cash equivalents that are restricted as to withdrawal or use under the terms of certain contractual agreements are recorded in Restricted Cash on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.

Accounts Receivable: Accounts receivable are comprised primarily of receivables due from Amazon. Included in the balance is an allowance of $0.3 million for doubtful accounts.

Merchandise Inventory and Return Costs: Merchandise inventory is stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value under the average cost method. Inventory valuation requires significant judgment and estimates, including obsolescence, and any adjustments to net realizable value, if market value is lower than cost. The Company records obsolescence and any adjustments to net realizable value (if lower than cost) based on current and anticipated demand, customer preferences and market conditions. As of January 29, 2022, the Company recorded an obsolescence reserve of $0.8 million. The cost of inventory also includes certain costs associated with the preparation of inventory for resale, including distribution center costs and freight. As of January 29, 2022, the Company had recorded capitalized freight of $2.7 million.
 
Fixed Assets and Depreciation: Fixed assets are recorded at cost and depreciated or amortized over the estimated useful life of the asset using the straight-line method. The estimated useful lives are as follows:

Fixtures and equipment
7 years
Leasehold improvements
7 years
Technology
1-5 years

Major improvements and betterments to existing facilities and equipment are capitalized. Expenditures for maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred.

40

Long-Lived Assets: Long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to undiscounted future net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset over its remaining useful life. If the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its estimated future cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Fair value is generally measured based on discounted estimated future cash flows. Assets to be disposed of would be separately presented in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less disposition costs. For the purposes of the asset impairment test, Kaspien has one asset grouping, which is the same as the Kaspien reporting unit level.

Commitments and Contingencies: The Company is subject to legal proceedings and claims that have arisen in the ordinary course of its business. Although there can be no assurance as to the ultimate disposition of these matters, it is management’s opinion, based upon the information available at this time, that the expected outcome of these matters, individually or in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on the results of operations and financial condition of the Company (see Note 12).

Revenue Recognition:

Retail Sales
Retail revenue is primarily related to the sale of goods to customers. Revenue is recognized when control of the goods is transferred to the customer, which generally occurs upon shipment to the customer. Additionally, estimated sales returns are calculated based on expected returns.

Agency as a service
Agency as a service revenue is primarily commission fees for services paid on a periodic basis with an additional fee based on percentage of gross merchandise value generated. The commissions earned from these arrangements are recognized when the services are rendered on a periodic basis with additional fees recognized as revenue is generated.

Software as a service
Software as a service revenue primarily includes a subscription fee with an additional fee based on a percentage of gross merchandise value generated. The subscription fee earned from these arrangements are recognized when the services are rendered on a periodic basis with additional fees recognized as revenue is generated.

Cost of Sales: In addition to the cost of product, the Company includes in cost of sales those costs associated with purchasing, receiving, shipping, online marketplace fulfillment fees, and inspecting and warehousing product. Cost of sales further includes the cost of obsolescence.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses (SG&A): Included in SG&A expenses are commissions, payroll and related costs, professional fees, general operating and overhead expenses and depreciation and amortization charges. Selling, general and administrative expenses also include miscellaneous income and expense items, other than interest.

Lease Accounting: Operating lease liabilities are recognized at the lease commencement date based on the present value of the fixed lease payments using the Company’s incremental borrowing rates for its population of leases. Related operating ROU assets are recognized based on the initial present value of the fixed lease payments, reduced by contributions from landlords, plus any prepaid rent and direct costs from executing the leases. ROU assets are tested for impairment in the same manner as long-lived assets. Lease terms include the non-cancellable portion of the underlying leases along with any reasonably certain lease periods associated with available renewal periods, termination options and purchase options. Lease agreements with lease and non-lease components are combined as a single lease component for all classes of underlying asset
 
Advertising Costs: Advertising and sales promotion costs are charged to operations, offset by direct vendor reimbursements, as incurred. Advertising costs primarily consist of Amazon marketing expenses which were $2.2 million and $1.4 million in fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020, respectively.

Income Taxes: Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. Deferred tax assets are subject to valuation allowances based upon management’s estimates of realizability.

The Company recognizes the effect of income tax positions only if those positions are more likely than not of being sustained. Recognized income tax positions are measured at the largest amount that is greater than 50% likely of being realized. Changes in recognition or measurement are reflected in the period in which the change in judgment occurs. It is the Company’s practice to recognize interest and penalties related to income tax matters in income tax expense (benefit) in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Comprehensive Loss: Comprehensive loss consists of net loss and a pension actuarial gain (loss) adjustment that is recognized in other comprehensive loss (see Note 9).

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Stock-Based Compensation: Stock-based compensation represents the cost related to stock-based awards granted to employees and directors. The Company measures stock-based compensation cost at grant date, based on the estimated fair value of the award, and recognizes the cost as expense on a straight-line basis (net of estimated forfeitures) over the option’s requisite service period. The Company recognizes compensation expense based on estimated grant date fair value using the Black‑Scholes option‑pricing model. Tax benefits, if any, resulting from tax deductions in excess of the compensation cost recognized for those options are to be classified and reported as both an operating cash outflow and financing cash inflow.

Loss Per Share: Basic and diluted loss per share is calculated by dividing net loss by the weighted average common shares outstanding for the period. During fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020, the impact of all outstanding stock awards was not considered because the Company reported a net loss and such impact would be anti-dilutive. Accordingly, basic and diluted loss per share for fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020 was the same. Total anti-dilutive stock awards for each of fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020 were approximately 86,000 and 130,000, respectively.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments: Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.

In determining fair value, the accounting standards establish a three-level hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value, as follows:


Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.


Level 2 — Significant observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for similar assets and liabilities, such as quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.


Level 3 — Significant unobservable inputs reflecting our own assumptions, consistent with reasonably available assumptions made by other market participants.

The carrying amounts reported in the Consolidated Balance Sheets for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and other current liabilities approximate fair value because of the immediate or short-term maturity of these financial instruments. The carrying value of life insurance policies included in other assets approximates fair value based on estimates received from insurance companies and are classified as Level 2 measurements within the hierarchy as defined by applicable accounting standards. The Company had no Level 3 financial assets or liabilities as of January 29, 2022 or as of January 30, 2021.

Segment Information:
 
The Company operates as a single reporting segment.
 
Note 2. Recently Adopted and Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, “Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments,” which introduced an expected credit loss model for the impairment of financial assets measured at amortized cost. The model replaces the probable, incurred loss model for those assets and instead, broadens the information an entity must consider in developing its expected credit loss estimate for assets measured at amortized cost. This standard will be effective for smaller reporting companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, however early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of this new standard on the consolidated financial statements.

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, “Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting” (“ASU 2020-04”). ASU 2020-04 provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying U.S. GAAP to contract modifications and hedging relationships that reference LIBOR or another reference rate expected to be discontinued because of reference rate reform. ASU 2020-04 provides, among other things, guidance that modifications of contracts within the scope of Topic 470, Debt, should be accounted for by prospectively adjusting the effective interest rate; modifications of contracts within the scope of Topic 840, Leases, should be accounted for as a continuation of the existing contract; and, changes in the critical terms of hedging relationships, caused by reference rate reform, should not result in the de-designation of the instrument, provided certain criteria are met. The Company’s exposure to LIBOR rates includes its credit facility. The amendments are effective as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. Adoption is permitted at any time. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this update will have on its Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Recent accounting pronouncements pending adoption not discussed above are either not applicable or are not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.

Note 3. Other Intangible Assets

Determining the fair value of a reporting unit requires the use of significant estimates and assumptions, including revenue growth rates, operating margins, discount rates, and future market conditions, among others. Other long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment if circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable.

The Company continues to amortize technology, and trade names and trademarks that have finite lives.

Identifiable intangible assets as of January 29, 2022 consisted of the following:

(amounts in thousands)
 
January 29, 2022
 
   
Weighted Average
Amortization
Period
(in months)
   
Gross Carrying
Amount
   
Accumulated
Amortization
   
Impairment
   
Net Carrying
Amount
 
                               
Technology
   
60
    $
6,700
    $
4,113
    $
2,587
     
-
 
Trade names and trademarks
   
60
     
3,200
     
3,200
     
-
     
-
 
           
$
9,900
   
$
7,313
   
$
2,587
   
$
-
 

The changes in net intangibles from January 30, 2021 to January 29, 2022 were as follows:

(amounts in thousands)
 
January 30,
2021
   
Amortization
   
January 29,
2022
 
                   
Amortized intangible assets:
                 
Technology
  $
259
    $
259
    $
-
 
Trade names and trademarks
   
473
     
473
     
-
 
Net amortized intangible assets
 
$
732
   
$
732
   
$
-
 

The changes in net intangibles from February 1, 2020 to January 30, 2021 were as follows:

(amounts in thousands)
 
February 1,
2020
   
Amortization
   
January 30,
2021
 
                   
Amortized intangible assets:
                 
Technology
 
$
647
   
$
388
   
$
259
 
Trade names and trademarks
   
1,113
     
640
     
473
 
Net amortized intangible assets
 
$
1,760
   
$
1,028
   
$
732
 

As of October 30, 2022, the intangible assets were fully amortized.

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Note 4. Fixed Assets

Fixed assets consist of the following:

   
January 29,
2022
   
January 30,
2021
 
(amounts in thousands)
           
Capitalized software
 
$
4,601
   
$
3,721
 
Fixtures and equipment
   
946
     
395
 
Leasehold improvements
   
45
     
45
 
Total fixed assets
   
5,592
     
4,161
 
Allowances for depreciation and amortization
   
(3,257
)
   
(1,893
)
Fixed assets, net
 
$
2,335
   
$
2,268
 

Depreciation expense included in fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020 SG&A expenses within the Consolidated Statements of Operations were $1.4 million and $1.1 million, respectively.

Note 5. Restricted Cash

As of January 29, 2022 and January 30, 2021, the Company had restricted cash of $3.6 million and $4.7 million, respectively.

Restricted cash balance at the end of fiscal 2021 consisted of a $3.6 million rabbi trust that resulted from the death of the Company’s former Chairman, of which $1.2 million was classified as restricted cash in current assets and $2.4 million was classified as restricted cash as a long-term asset.

Restricted cash balance at the end of fiscal 2020 consisted of a $4.7 million rabbi trust, which resulted from the death of the Company’s former Chairman, of which $1.2 million was classified as restricted cash in current assets and $3.6 million was classified as restricted cash as a long-term asset.

A summary of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash is as follows (amounts in thousands):

   
January 29,
2022
   
January 30,
2021
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
1,218
   
$
1,809
 
Restricted cash
   
3,605
     
4,746
 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
$
4,823
   
$
6,555
 

Note 6. Debt

Credit Facility
On February 20, 2020, Kaspien Inc. entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (as subsequently amended, the “Loan Agreement”) with Eclipse Business Capital LLC (f/k/a Encina Business Credit, LLC) (“Eclipse”), as administrative agent, under which the lenders party thereto committed to provide up to $25 million in loans under a four-year, secured revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”).  Concurrent with the FYE Transaction, the Company borrowed $3.3 million under the Credit Facility in order to satisfy the remaining obligations of the Company under its previous credit facility.

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On March 30, 2020, the Company and Kaspien (the “Loan Parties”) entered into Amendment No. 1 to the Loan Agreement (the “Amendment”). Pursuant to the Amendment, among other things, (i) the Company was added as “Parent” under the Amended Loan Agreement, (ii) the Company granted a first priority security interest in substantially all of the assets of the Company, including inventory, accounts receivable, cash and cash equivalents and certain other collateral, and (iii) the Loan Agreement was amended to (a) permit the incurrence of certain subordinated indebtedness under the Subordinated Loan Agreement (as defined below) and (b) limit the Company’s ability to incur additional indebtedness, create liens, make investments, make restricted payments or specified payments and merge or acquire assets.

The commitments by the lenders under the Credit Facility are subject to borrowing base and availability restrictions. Up to $5.0 million of the Credit Facility may be used for the making of swing line loans.

As of January 29, 2022, the Company had borrowings of $10.0 million under the Credit Facility. Peak borrowings under the Credit Facility during fiscal 2021 were $13.7 million. As of January 29, 2022, the Company had no outstanding letters of credit. The Company had $2.1 million available for borrowing under the Credit Facility as of January 29, 2022.

Subordinated Debt Agreement

On March 30, 2020, the Loan Parties entered into a Subordinated Loan and Security Agreement (the “Subordinated Loan Agreement”) with the lenders party thereto from time to time (the “Lenders”) and TWEC Loan Collateral Agent, LLC (“Collateral Agent”), as collateral agent for the Lenders, pursuant to which the Lenders made a $5.2 million secured term loan (the “Subordinated Loan”) to Kaspien.  Pursuant to an amendment to the Subordinated Loan Agreement, there is a scheduled maturity date of March 31, 2024. As of January 29, 2022, unamortized debt issuance costs of $0.1 million are included in “Long-term Debt” on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet.

Directors Jonathan Marcus, Thomas Simpson, and Michael Reickert are the chief executive officer of Alimco Re Ltd. (“Alimco”), the managing member of Kick-Start III, LLC and Kick-Start IV, LLC (“Kick-Start”), and a trustee of the Robert J. Higgins TWMC Trust (the “Trust”), an affiliate of RJHDC, LLC (“RJHDC” and together with Alimco and Kick-Start, “Related Party Entities”), respectively.  The Related Party Entities are parties to the Subordinated Loan Agreement.

On March 30, 2020, in conjunction with the Subordinated Loan Agreement, the Company issued warrants to purchase up to 244,532 shares of Common Stock with an aggregate grant date fair value of $0.8 million recorded as a discount to the Subordinated Loan Agreement, $0.4 million of which was unamortized as of January 29, 2022.
 
Paycheck Protection Program
On April 17, 2020, Kaspien received loan proceeds of $2.0 million (the “PPP Loan”) pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”). On June 15, 2021, the Small Business Administration (“SBA”) approved the Company’s application for forgiveness of the PPP Loan. The amount of the forgiveness was $1.9 million in principal and interest, which was the amount requested in the forgiveness application and was less than the original principal balance due of $2.0 million. Following the grant of forgiveness, an outstanding balance of $76,452 was paid during fiscal 2021.

Note 7. Leases

The Company currently leases its administrative offices and distribution center. During fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020, the Company recorded net lease costs of $0.8 million, and did not record any contingent rentals.

As of January 29, 2022, the maturity of lease liabilities is as follows:

   
Operating Leases
 
(amounts in thousands)
     
2022
  $
748
 
2023
   
767
 
2024
   
652
 
2025
   
296
 
Thereafter
   
-
 
Total lease payments
   
2,463
 
Less: amounts representing interest
   
(206
)
Present value of lease liabilities
 
$
2,257
 

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Lease term and discount rate are as follows:

   
As of January 29, 2022
 
Weighted-average remaining lease term (years)
     
Operating leases
   
3.3
 
         
Weighted-average discount rate Operating leases
   
5
%

Other information:

   
Fiscal 2021
 
(amounts in thousands)
     
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of operating lease liabilities
     
Operating cash flows from operating leases
 
$
726
 

Future minimum rental payments required under the remaining leases for the administrative office and distribution center in Spokane, Washington as of January 29, 2022, are as follows (amounts in thousands):

(amounts in thousands)
 
Operating Leases
 
2022
 
$
748
 
2023
   
767
 
2024
   
652
 
2025
   
296
 
Thereafter
   
-
 
Total minimum lease payments
 
$
2,463
 

Note 8. Shareholders’ Equity

The Company classifies repurchased shares as treasury stock on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheet. There were no treasury stock repurchases during fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020.

During fiscal 2021, 9,000 shares were issued to Directors and employees. During fiscal 2021, 138,418 warrants were exercised for proceeds of $1,384.

On March 18, 2021, the Company closed an underwritten offering of 416,600 shares of common stock of the Company, at a price to the public of $32.50 per share. The gross proceeds of the offering were approximately $13.5 million, prior to deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses.

During fiscal 2020, 9,949 shares were issued to Directors and employees. Of the shares issued, 1,062 were returned to the company to satisfy withholding requirements and retired to treasury shares. During fiscal 2020, 100,988 warrants were exercised for proceeds of $1,010.

No cash dividends were paid in fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020.

Note 9. Benefit Plans

401(k) Savings Plan

Kaspien offers a 401(k) plan, the Kaspien Inc. 401(K) Plan, which permits participants to contribute up to the maximum allowable by IRS regulations. The Company matches 100% of the first 6% of employee contributions after completing one year of service. Participants are immediately vested in their voluntary contributions plus actual earnings thereon. Participant vesting of the Company’s matching contribution is based on the years of service completed by the participant. Participants are fully vested upon the completion of three years of service. All participant forfeitures of non-vested benefits are used to reduce the Company’s contributions or fees in future years.

Total expense related to the matching contributions was approximately $324,000 and $266,000 in fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020, respectively.

Stock Award Plans

As of January 29, 2022, there was approximately $0.3 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to stock option awards expected to be recognized as expense over a weighted average period of 2.5 years and $1.3 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to restricted share awards expected to be recognized as expense over a weighted average period of 3.0 years. Total compensation expense related to stock awards recognized in fiscal 2021 was $0.4 million. Total compensation expense related to stock awards recognized in fiscal 2020 was $0.3 million.

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